164: Pinder. ca. 1955
Artist: TONI BERNAT Size: 63 3/8 x 47 1/8 in./161 x 119.7 cm Imp. Chabrillac, Toulouse Founded by brothers Georges and William in 1854, Pinder began as popular English circus. It was purchased by Charles Spessardy in 1924, who turned it into an upscale establishment with lavish sets, musical entertainment, and large street parade in the style of Barnum & Bailey. It became the “Géant des Cirques” (Giant of the Circus); however, by 1971, it was forced into bankruptcy, only to be purchased by the actor-director Jean Richard, and thus turned into the Cirque Pinder-Jean Richard. A zoo was then added to the array of previous attractions, and it remains active to this day. This image for Pinder’s Intelligent Elephants is arguably one of the most charming ever created for a circus act, showcasing the animals not only as customers gulping down champagne, but also as waiters, one producing a bill for carrots, cabbage, and very expensive bubbly.