Imperial Glass Factory St. Petersburg 1900 Vase
Important and rare Imperial Glass Factory, St. Petersburg, Cameo Art Glass Vase, turtles and water weeds, ht. 12 1/2, wd. 6 1/2, marked and date 1900, crowned Tsar monogram on bottom, cipher of Nicholas II . For simliar work see: Victoria & Albert Museum, C.54-1992 http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O5223/vase/ "This Russian vase shows an awareness of developments in French glass in the early 20th century. The designer, Ivan Ivanovich Murinov, was a glass painter who became artistic director at the Imperial China and Glass Works in St Petersburg from 1894-1901. During his last years there he supervised the production of pieces in the Art Nouveau style. Murinov much admired the work of the French glassmaker Emile Gallé, which influenced the decoration of this vase. Waterweeds and snails were popular in Japanese art. Here, as in Gallé's work, these natural forms have been used as symbols of mystical ideas." Source: Victoria and Albert Museum. The stylistic influences on glass Emile Gallé was in Russia, etc. known for state gifts: In 1896 the royal couple received during her visit to Paris a number of Galle objects as gifts, including vases, which were at the Winter Palace. The Empress even bought Gallé vase features to their private rooms. By 1900 it put in St. Petersburg, masterfully executed flashed her glasses with etched and cut plants and animal designs. These are extremely rare glass objects, mainly because they were produced as unique for the Zarenhof. Comparable pieces are in the Victoria & Albert Museum and the Baden State Museum. For similiar example see: Sale on Saturday, 24th of september 2011, 200 Selected Masterpieces Fine Arts & Antiques, Auktionshaus Dr. Fischer - Heilbronn, lot 142 For more information: The Art Nouveau period was for the Imperial Glass Factory in St. Petersburg is a very prosperous period. Under the director of Baron Wolf, the factory has grown enormously. Formative for the Western European style glass by Emile Gallé was also known in Russia as well as state gifts to museums and private collections. Received in 1896, Nicholas II and his wife on the occasion of their official state visit to Paris, given two pairs of Galle vases, which - like inventory records - stood on a desk at the Empire-writing room in the Winter Palace. In the early 1900's was placed in line with the French also manufactures products in the glass factory of St. Petersburg captured, etched and cut glass. For the decoration often served templates by K. Krasowsky, N. Semenov and P. Krasnowsky. Krasowsky specialized in the drawing of flowers, which were later transferred to craft objects. A related decorative vase, which is now in the Museum of Tsarskoye Selo, was cut by T. Kozlov after a drawing by V. Kokin. Floral art glass of the St. Petersburg factory are very rare, since they mainly as unique for the tsars and were less produced for sale. The Imperial Glass Factory in the Age of Art Nouveau glassware manufactured for the Imperial Court and partly for sale. Art Nouveau glass is Primarily associated with the famous products of the French artist Emile Gallé. His works were presented as gifts on various occasions to the ceremonial Tsar Nicholas II.and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna and purchased by museums and private collectors. Two pairs of vases, presented to Nicholas and Alexandra during their official visit to Paris in 1896 at the head of a government delegation, are Described in to inventory. They stood on a bureau in the Empire Drawing Room in the Winter Palace. In these years the Glass Factory produced multi-layered glass after drawings by K. Krasovsky, N. Semenov and P. Krasnovsky. Krasovsky was a specialist versed in the drawing of flowers in connection with applied and decorative arts. Most of the Imperial Glass Factory's products were unique pieces, intended for the Imperial family and their narrow circle. Literature: Exhibition catalog: Imperial Glass Factory, 1777-1917, St. Petersburg 2004, cat 574th EA Borisova - FY Sternin: Art Nouveau in Russia, Stuttgart 1988, 184 G. E. Pazaurek - W. Spiegl: Glass of the 20th Century, Munich 1983, 152 Exhibition catalog. Art Nouveau under the last Tsar, Zwolle 2007, 64-66. For additional cameo glass vases made by the Imperial Glass Works now in the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, see Exhibition Catalogue Imperial Glass Factory. 1777-1917, 225th Foundation Day Anniversary, pp. 111-115.