2: Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (British, 1812)
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (British, 1812-1852), "The Eschenheim Tower, City Gate of Frankfurt", c. 1833/34, graphite on light cream-colored laid paper, very faintly signed "Aug. Pugin" (and possibly dated?) lower left, paper watermarked "33" behind upper right, edge bordered in thin black ink, 9 7/8 in. x 7 in., in modern mount Provenance: James R. Lamantia, Jr., FAAR, New Orleans and New York. Note: This is an early example of Pugin's architectural—or more properly topographical—studies, being a view from the north of the famous old watchtower (1400-1428) on the northwest line of the former city walls at Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. The Eschenheim Gate is now restored to its Medieval form, as Pugin meticulously drew it; like all the monuments of Frankfurt, it was substantially reconstructed after World War II. The twin turrets a third of the way up now have new windows, roof spires, and machiolations; there are two more windows (distinguished by their more modern stonework) to light intermediate floors in the tower itself ; and the machiolations, battlements, and spires of the crowning ring of turrets have all been rebuilt. Pugin probably owed his deep acquaintance with this tower to the constant series of travels that he undertook to study.