After E Villanis, A Patinated Bronze Bust 'thais'
Circa 1900, signed under right arm 'E. Villanis' (Emmanuele Villanis 1858 - 1914 French), impressed to rear of base with Societe des Bronzes de Paris foundry seal and '7937'', titled to base, depicted wearing her hair in a chignon and draped all' antica, on an integral square spreading base, 15.5'' H x 8.5'' W x 6.25'' D, est:$800/1200. Literature: Illustrated: Berman, Harold ''Bronzes: Sculptors & Founders 1800 - 1930'', Atglen, PA: 1994, Vol. III, p. 502, fig. 1830 . Note: A companion of Alexander the Great on his Persian conquest, Thais is recorded by Plutarch and Diodurus as the instigator of the burning of the palace of Persepolis during a drunken revel in 330 BC, supposedly in retribution for Xerxes' burning of the temple of Athena on the Acropolis in her native Athens. Others believe she was a lover and possibly wife of Ptolemy, who became King of Egypt after Alexander's death, and bore him three children. Many characters in Greek and Roman comedy were named Thais, and there was a Christian saint of the same name, who in the modern era was the subject of Anatole France's novel ''Thais'', which was the basis of Jules Massinet's 1894 opera of the same name.
Overall good condition. General scratches, marks, and rubbing commensurate with age. Patination to face and body a rich reddish brown; patination to drapery and head a golden brown.