[schiemann, E.]. Tsar, Priest, And Kulak, 1918
Tsar, pip ta kulak (glitai) [Tsar, Priest, and Kulak], a poster likely by Eduard Schiemann (1885-1942) in a Slavic language very similar to Ukrainian or Belarusian (possibly in Ruthenian). Published by VTsIK Publishing, Moscow, 1918. 69 x 50.5 cm.
Tsar, Priest and Kulak was, reportedly, the first poster produced under the VTsIK aegis. It was printed in ten languages, and became the staple of the ”agitation corners” in villages all over Soviet Russia. In his memoir about Mayakovsky, artist Mikhail Cheremnykh writes about the artist Pat, who first came up with idea to use stencils in the production of ROSTA posters, and mentions that Pat was also the author of Tsar, Priest, and Kulak. Assuming that Cheremnykh’s memory served him well, the pseudonym Pat must then refer to Eduard Schiemann - see Mayakovsky’s attribution of the stenciling idea to Schiemann in his 1923 essay Revolyutsionny Plakat [The Revolutionary Poster]. Schiemann, who studied art in Munich, was a member of the Jack of Diamonds group, but one would be hard-pressed to find a connection between the style of this poster and the artistic sensibilities of the Russian avant-garde movement.
Search extension words: Russian poster, Soviet poster.