Anonymous Artist. Red Army Anniversary Festival, 19
Prazdnik Godovshiny Krasnoi Armii / 23.II.1919 / Den’krasnogo podarka [Red Army Anniversary Festival / 23.II. 1919 / The Red Present Day], a poster by an anonymous artist for the ”Red Present” campaign organized to benefit the Red Army. Moscow, 1919. 102 x 67.5 cm.
In 1919, the Soviet citizenry was invited to participate in ”Red Present Day,” a campaign based on the time-honored tradition of collecting presents to be delivered to soldiers at the front lines. The collection day was set to February 23; in announcing it, the organizers stated that the campaign ”will also mark the Red Army Anniversary, falling on January 28.” With time, Red Army Day had become a major Soviet holiday; in an interesting twist, it was celebrated on the date of the original 1919 charity action, rather than on the anniversary date; an accepted explanation being that Feb. 23, 1918 was the day when Red Army volunteers had stopped the German advance on Petrograd.
This is an interesting poster that documents the origins of the Red Army Day tradition. Shown, without attribution, in the Butnik - Siversky monograph.
Search extension words: Russian poster, Soviet poster.