9: Full Plate Tintype of Pvt. Martin W. Compton, 22nd V
Full Plate Tintype of Pvt. Martin W. Compton, 22nd Va. Cavalry
Identified by a modern transcription taken from old framed backing that reads, "Grandma Brennan's Father/Martin W. Compton/Born Jan. 9 1845/Picture taken January 9, 1864/19 yrs old/Died March 21st, 1910 age 65." A torn portion of the original cardstock mat survives bearing Compton's penciled name and dates. A typical 7 x 9 in. tintype expertly highlighted with washes and paint.
The young cavalryman wears a grey waist length jacket with cloth epaulettes and plain collar and cuffs. The buttons are gilded over. Private Compton's record is fragmentary with his company and enlistment date unknown. The Compiled Service Records of the 22nd VA.Cavalry list Compton as a resident of Scott, County, Va., 5' 8" with fair complexion, black eyes, and dark hair. He is recorded as having been (captured?) paroled at Louisa, Lawrence County, Kentucky in May 1864.
The 22nd Va. Cavalry was organized in October 1863 as a regiment of mounted rifles commanded by Colonel Henry S. Bowen, initially attached to the Department of Western Virginia. Part of General Albert G. Jenkins independent brigade, the regiment rode in eastern Tennessee and western Virginia fighting at Cloyd's Mountain against Crook in May 1864. The regiment was later assigned to the Valley District under John McCausland (who burned Chambersburg, Pennsylvania in retaliation for Hunter's depreciations in the Valley) and disbanded in April 1865.
17.5% up to 200,000
12.5% above 200,001
|Estimate||$400 – $600|