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65: An Apulian Gnathian Ware Skyphos
This is an impressive black-glazed skyphos from the south Italian region of Apulia, dating to circa late 4th century BC. The body is vertically ribbed and is standing on a stepped foot. The vessel is decorated with a simple pattern in golden yellow between bands in red-brown and white; the colours were applied on a coat of black varnish.
This decorative technique is typical for pottery which is commonly called Gnathian, after the name of present-day Egnazia (located on the Adriatic coast of Apulia). In the middle of the nineteenth century large quantities of pottery with this type of decoration were found during excavations of the cemeteries of Egnazia (and nearby Fasano). Ever since they were known as the pottery of Egnazia, or Gnathia pottery, even though little of it was in fact made at Egnazia.
Dimensions: 14.5 cm L including handles x 8.2 cm D x 11.3 cm T.
Literature: J. Richard Green, "Gnathia and Other Overpainted Wares of Italy and Sicily: a Survey", in Évelyne Geny (ed., sous la direction de Pierre Lévêque et Jean-Paul Morel), Céramiques Hellénistiques et Romaines III (Besançon, Presses Universitaires Franc-Comtoises, 2001), 57-103; J. Richard Green, "The Gnathia Pottery of Apulia ", in: Margaret Ellen Mayo - Kenneth Hamma (eds.), The Art of South Italy. Vases from Magna Graecia (Richmond, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1982), p. 252-258.
Provenance: Private Dutch collection D.R. de W.; prior to that collection of Dr. Angelo R. Bergamo, New Jersey; Harmer Rooke Galleries, New York.
there is a reserve on this lot