286: O/C F. K. M. Rehn, Landscape
O/C F. K. M. Rehn, Landscape Oil on canvas by Frank Knox Morton Rehn, American 1848-1915. Landscape painted c. 1890 and presented in a modern, metal gilt frame. Retains the original 19th century label of the American Art Association Auction. Our case study starts with the American Art Association which was formed by James F. Sutton, R. Austin Robertson and Thomas E. Kirby in 1883 for the encouragement and promotion of American Art. It started to have sales and exhibits of art and literature in 1885 at 6-8 East 23rd St. The leased space was a room 46’ x 36’ with adjoining offices. The space was called the American Art Gallery and it was located just down the street from the National Academy of Design. Work Size: 16" H x 28" W Frame: 22.5" H x 34.5" W Weight: 11lbs Condition: Extremely minor inpaint **** A highly successful 19th-century marine painter, Frank Rehn determined to be exclusively American in his fine art painting, although French Impressionism heavily influenced his style. Ironically he was "one of the first Americans to introduce the Impressionist style of painting to his fellow countrymen." (428) Because of his dedication to being 'pure' American, he avoided going abroad for further art study beyond his schooling from age 18 at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with Christian Schussele. His course work included portraiture, marine, still life and figure painting. Rehn was born in Philadelphia. After finishing his training at the Pennsylvania Academy, he supported himself with portrait commission work and by selling terra cotta plates. He also painted many landscapes and still lifes, and won exhibition awards for these subjects. However, a trip to the New Jersey shore turned his interest to marine painting, especially seascapes. It is likely that a major influence was the suggestion of fellow artist Russell Smith that Rehn focus on marine painting. He moved to New York City in 1881, and with other artists set up a studio at the Hotel Chelsea, a location he occupied for the remainder of his life. Painting with Childe Hassam, John Twachtmann and William Merritt Chase, he summered in Magnolia, Massachusetts where he died in 1914. Memberships included the American Watercolor Society, National Academy of Design, Salmagundi Club and Lotus Club.