Weekly Auctions of Exceptional Items
Bristol, United Kingdom
DoneWed, Jul 14, 2010 9:00 AM GMT
Old Master & 19th Century Pictures
This sale includes a variety of European and English Old Masters and 19th Century pictures (105 lots).
Auction & Auctioneer Information
Saturday 10th July 2010 9.00 a.m. - 12.30 p.m., Monday 12th July 2010 9.00 a.m. - 6.00 p.m., Tuesday 13th July 2010 9.00 a.m. - 4.00 p.m., Day of sale from 8.30 a.m.
- 20% up to £250,000.00
- 12% above £250,000.00
Terms & Conditions
INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 1. Introduction. The following informative notes are intended to assist Buyers, particularly those inexperienced or new to our salerooms. All sales are conducted on our printed Conditions of Sale which are readily available for inspection and normally accompany catalogues. Our staff will be happy to help you if there is anything you do not fully understand. 2. Agency. As auctioneers we usually contract as agents for the seller whose identity, for reasons of confidentiality, is not normally disclosed. Accordingly if you buy your primary contract is with the seller. 3. Estimates. Estimates are designed to help buyers gauge what sort of sum might be involved for the purchase of a particular lot. The lower estimate may represent the reserve price and certainly will not be below it. Estimates do not include the Buyer's Premium or VAT (where chargeable). Estimates are prepared some time before the sale and may be altered by announcement before the sale. They are in no sense definitive. 4. Buyer's Premium. The Buyer agrees to pay a buyer's premium on the hammer price of each lot purchased. The buyer's premium is 20% (23.5% including VAT) of the hammer price on each lot up to and including £250,000, plus 12% (14.10% including VAT) for any amount in excess of £250,000. For auctions taking place in London the buyer's premium is 22% (25.85% including VAT) of the hammer price on each lot up to and including £250,000 reducing to 12% (14.10% including VAT) for any amount in excess of £250,000. VAT at the prevailing rate of 17.5% is added to all of these premiums and additional charges as defined below. 5. VAT. (*) indicates that VAT is payable by the purchaser at the standard rate (presently 17.5%) on the hammer price as well as being an element in the buyer's premium. This imposition of VAT is likely to be because the seller is registered for VAT within the European Union and is not operating the Dealers Margin Scheme or because VAT is due at 17.5% on importation into the UK. The double symbol (**) indicates that the lot has been imported from outside the European Union and the present position is that these lots are liable to a reduced rate of VAT (5%) on the gross lot price (i.e. both the hammer price and the buyer's premium). Lots which appear without either of the above symbols indicate that no VAT is payable on the hammer price. This is because such lots are sold using the Auctioneers' Margin Scheme and it should be noted that the VAT included within the Premium is not recoverable as input tax. 6. Descriptions and Conditions. Condition reports are provided on our web site or upon request. The absence of a report does not imply that a lot is without imperfections. The detail in a report will reflect the estimated value of the lot, and large numbers of such requests received shortly before the sale may not receive a response to all lots. Members of staff are not trained restorers or conservators and, particularly for higher value lots, you should obtain an opinion from such a professional. We recommend that you always view a lot in person. We are, primarily, agents for the seller. We are dependent on information provided by the seller and whilst we may inspect lots and act reasonably in taking a general view about them we are normally unable to carry out a detailed or any examination of lots in order to ascertain their condition in the way in which it would be wise for a buyer to do. Intending buyers have ample opportunity for inspection of goods and, therefore, accept responsibility for inspecting and investigating lots in which they may be interested. Please note carefully the exclusion of liability for the condition of lots contained in the Conditions of Sale. Neither the seller nor we, as the auctioneers, accept any responsibility for their condition. In particular, mechanical objects of any age are not guaranteed to be in working order. However, in so far as we have examined the goods and make a representation about their condition, we shall be liable for any defect which that examination ought to have revealed to the auctioneer but which would not have been revealed to the buyer had the buyer examined the goods. Additionally, in specified circumstances lots misdescribed because they are 'deliberate forgeries' may be returned and repayment made. There is a 3 week time limit. (The expression 'deliberate forgery' is defined in our Conditions of Sale). 7. Electrical goods. These are sold as 'antiques' only and if bought for use must be checked over for compliance with safety regulations by a qualified electrician first. 8. Export of goods. Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain (a) whether an export licence is required and (b) whether there is any specific prohibition on importing goods of that character because, e.g. they may contain prohibited materials such as ivory. Ask us if you need help. 9. Bidding. Bidders may be required to register before the sale commences and lots will be invoiced to the name and address on the registration form. Some form of identification may be required if you are unknown to us. Please enquire in advance about our arrangements for telephone bidding. 10. Commission bidding. Commission bids may be left with the auctioneers indicating the maximum amount to be bid excluding buyers' premium. They will be executed as cheaply as possible having regard to the reserve (if any) and competing bids. If two buyers submit identical commission bids the auctioneers may prefer the first bid received. Please enquire in advance about our arrangements for the leaving of commission bids by telephone or FAX. 11. Methods of Payment. Any cheques tendered will need to be cleared before removal of the goods is permitted. The following methods of payment are acceptable: Sterling cheque to be drawn on a UK bank and made payable to 'Dreweatts 1759'. It will be necessary to allow at least five working days for the cheque to clear before collecting your purchases. Bank transfer. All transfers must state the relevant sale number, lot number and your bid / paddle number. If transferring from a foreign currency, the amount we receive must be the total due in pounds sterling (after currency conversion and the deduction of any bank charges). Our bank details can be found on the reverse of your invoice or in the sale catalogue under 'Important Notices' Debit cards drawn on a UK bank. There is no additional charge for purchases made with these cards. Debit cards drawn on an overseas bank or deferred debit cards will be subject to a 3% surcharge. Sterling cash payments of up to £8,000 and debit cards payments can be made at the Cashier's Office, either during or after the sale. 12. Collection and storage. Please note what the Conditions of Sale state about collection and storage. It is important that goods are paid for and collected promptly. Any delay may involve the buyer in paying storage charges. 13. Droit de suite royalty charges. From 14th February 2006 all UK art market professionals (which includes, but is not limited to; auctioneers, dealers, galleries, agents and other intermediaries) are required to collect a royalty payment for all works of art that have been produced by living artists. This payment is only calculated on qualifying works of art which are sold for a hammer price more than the UK sterling equivalent of EURO 1,000 – the UK sterling equivalent will fluctuate in line with prevailing exchange rates. It is entirely the responsibility of the buyer to acquaint himself with the precise EURO to UK Sterling exchange rate on the day of the sale in this regard, and the auctioneer accepts no responsibility whatsoever if the qualifying rate is different to the rate indicated. All items in this catalogue that are marked with d are potentially qualifying items, and the royalty charge will be applied if the hammer price achieved is more than the UK sterling equivalent of EURO 1,000.The royalty charge will be added to all relevant buyers' invoices, and must be paid before items can be cleared. All royalty charges are passed on to the Design and Artists Copyright Society ('DACS'), no handling costs or additional fees with respect to these charges will be retained by the auctioneers. The royalty charge that will be applied to qualifying items which achieve a hammer price of more than the UK sterling equivalent of EURO 1,000, but less than the UK sterling equivalent of EURO 50,000 is 4%. For qualifying items that sell for more than the UK sterling equivalent of EURO 50,000 a sliding scale of royalty charges will apply – for a complete list of the royalty charges and threshold levels, please see www.dacs.org.uk. There is no VAT payable on this royalty charge. TERMS OF CONSIGNMENT FOR SELLERS 1. Interpretation. In these Terms the words 'you', 'yours', etc. refer to the Seller and if the consignment of goods to us is made by an agent we assume that the Seller has authorised the consignment and that the consignor has the Seller's authority to contract. Similarly the words 'we', 'us', etc. refer to the Auctioneers. 2. Commission is charged to sellers at the following rates:- please enquire at our salerooms. 3. Removal costs. Items for sale must be consigned to the sale room by any stated deadline and at your expense. We may be able to assist you with this process but any liability incurred to a carrier for haulage charges is solely your responsibility. 4. Loss and damage of goods. (a) Loss and Damage Warranty - Dreweatts is not regulated by the FSA for the provision of insurance to its clients. However, Dreweatts, for its own protection, assumes liability for property consigned to it at lower pre-sale estimate. To justify accepting liability, Dreweatts makes a charge of 1.5% of the hammer price plus VAT (subject to a minimum charge of £1.50) or, if unsold, our lower estimate of the hammer price. (b) If the owner of goods consigned instructs us in writing not to take such action, they then remain at owner's risk unless and until the property in them passes to the Buyer or they are collected by or on behalf of the owner, and clause 4(a) is inapplicable. 5. Illustrations. The cost of any illustrations is borne by you. If we consider that the Lot should be illustrated your permission will be asked first. The copyright in respect of such illustrations shall be the property of us, the auctioneers, as is the text of the catalogue. 6. Minimum bids and our discretion. Goods will normally be offered subject to a reserve agreed between us before the sale in accordance with clause 7. We may sell Lots below the reserve provided we account to you for the same sale proceeds as you would have received had the reserve been the hammer price. If you specifically give us a "discretion" we may accept a bid of up to 10% below the formal reserve. 7. Reserves. (a) You are entitled to place prior to the auction a reserve on any lot consigned, being the minimum hammer price at which that lot may be sold. Reserves must be reasonable and we may decline to offer goods which in our opinion would be subject to an unreasonably high reserve (in which case goods carry the storage and insurance charges stipulated in these Terms of Consignment). (b) A reserve once set cannot be changed except with our consent. (c) Where a reserve has been placed only we may bid on your behalf and only up to the reserve (if any) and you may in no circumstances bid personally. 8. Electrical items. These are subject to detailed statutory safety controls. Where such items are accepted for sale you accept responsibility for the cost of testing by external contractors. Goods not certified as safe by an electrician (unless antiques) will not be accepted for sale. They must be removed at your expense on your being notified. We reserve the right to dispose of unsafe goods as refuse, at your expense. 9. Soft furnishings. The sale of soft furnishings is strictly regulated by statute law in the interests of fire safety. Goods found to infringe safety regulations will not be offered and must be removed at your expense. We reserve the right to dispose of unsafe goods as refuse, at your expense. The rights of disposal referred to in clause 8 and 9 are subject to the provisions of The Torts (Interference with Goods) Act 1977, Schedule 1, a copy of which is available for inspection on request 10. Descriptions. Please assist us with accurate information as to the provenance etc. of goods where this is relevant. There is strict liability for the accuracy of descriptions under modern consumer legislation and in some circumstances responsibility lies with sellers if inaccuracies occur. We will assume that you have approved the catalogue description of your lots unless informed to the contrary. Where we are obliged to return the price to the buyer when the lot is a deliberate forgery under Condition 15 of the Conditions of Sale and we have accounted to you for the proceeds of sale you agree to reimburse us the sale proceeds. The liability to reimburse the sale proceeds shall not arise where you are acting reasonably and honestly and are unaware of the forgery but we are or ought to have been aware of it. 11. Unsold and withdrawn items. If an item is unsold it may with your consent be re-offered at a future sale. Where in our opinion an item is unsaleable you must collect such items from the saleroom promptly on being so informed. Otherwise, storage charges may be incurred. We reserve the right to charge for storage in these circumstances at a reasonable daily rate. 12. Withdrawn and bought in items. These are liable to incur a charge of 15 % plus VAT on being bought in or withdrawn after being catalogued. 13. Conditions of Sale. You agree that all goods will be sold on our Conditions of Sale. In particular you undertake that you have the right to sell the goods either as owner or agent for the owner. You undertake to compensate us and any buyer or third party for all losses liabilities and expenses incurred in respect of and as a result of any breach of this undertaking. 14. Authority to deduct commission and expenses and retain premium and interest. (a) You authorise us to deduct commission at the stated rate and all expenses incurred for your account from the hammer price and consent to our right to retain beneficially the premium paid by the buyer in accordance with our Conditions of Sale and any interest earned on the sale proceeds until the date of settlement. (b) You authorise us in our discretion to negotiate a sale by private treaty not later than the close of business after the day of the sale in the case of lots unsold at auction, in which case the same charges will be payable as if such lots had been sold at auction and so far as appropriate these Terms apply. 15. Warehousing. We disclaim all liability for goods delivered to our saleroom without sufficient sale instructions and reserve the right to make minimum warehousing charge of £10 per lot per day. Unsold lots are subject to the same charges if you do not remove them within a reasonable time of notification. If not removed within three weeks we reserve the right to sell them and defray charges from any net proceeds of sale or at your expense to consign them to the local authority for disposal. 16. Settlement. After sale settlement of the net sum due to you normally takes place within 28 days of the sale (by crossed cheque to the seller) unless the buyer has not paid for the goods. In this case no settlement will then be made but we will take your instructions in the light of our Conditions of Sale. You authorise any sums owed by you to us on other transactions to be deducted from the sale proceeds. You must note the liability to reimburse the proceeds of sale to us as under the circumstances provided for in Condition 10 above. You should therefore bear this potential liability in mind before parting with the proceeds of sale until the expiry of 28 days from the date of sale. CONDITIONS OF SALE Dreweatts 1759 Limited trading as Dreweatts carries on business with bidders, buyers and all those present in the auction room prior to or in connection with a sale on the following General Conditions and on such other terms, conditions and notices as may be referred to herein. 1. Definitions In these Conditions: (a) "auctioneer" means the firm of Dreweatts or its authorised auctioneer, as appropriate; (b) "deliberate forgery" means an imitation made with the intention of deceiving as to authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source but which is unequivocally described in the catalogue as being the work of a particular creator and which at the date of the sale had a value materially less than it would have had if it had been in accordance with the description; (c) "hammer price" means the level of bidding reached (at or above any reserve) when the auctioneer brings down the hammer; (d) "terms of consignment" means the stipulated terms and rates of commission on which Dreweatts accepts instructions from sellers or their agents; (e) "total amount due" means the hammer price in respect of the lot sold together with any premium, Value Added Tax chargeable and any additional charges payable by a defaulting buyer under these Conditions; (f) "sale proceeds" means the net amount due to the seller, being the hammer price of the lot sold less commission at the stated rate, Value Added Tax chargeable and any other amounts due to us by the seller in whatever capacity and however arising; (g) "You", "Your", etc. refer to the buyer as identified in Condition 2. (h) The singular includes the plural and vice versa as appropriate. 2. Bidding procedures and the Buyer (a) Bidders are required to register their particulars before bidding and to satisfy any security arrangements before entering the auction room to view or bid; (b) the maker of the highest bid accepted by the auctioneer conducting the sale shall be the buyer at the hammer price and any dispute about a bid shall be settled at the auctioneer's absolute discretion by reoffering the Lot during the course of the auction or otherwise. The auctioneer shall act reasonably in exercising this discretion. (c) Bidders shall be deemed to act as principals. (2) Our right to bid on behalf of the seller is expressly reserved up to the amount of any reserve and the right to refuse any bid is also reserved. 3. Increments Bidding increments shall be at the auctioneer's sole discretion. 4. The purchase price together with a premium thereon of 23.5% which shall include VAT on the premium at the rate imposed by law. For sales in London the premium shall be 25.85% which shall include VAT on the premium at the rate imposed by law. The buyer will also be liable for any royalties payable under Droit de Suite as setout under Information for Buyers above. 5. Value Added Tax Value Added Tax on the hammer price is imposed by law on all items affixed with an asterisk or double asterisk. Value Added Tax is charged at the appropriate rate prevailing by law at the date of sale and is payable by buyers of relevant Lots. (Please refer to "Information for Buyers" for a brief explanation of the VAT position). 6. Payment (1) Immediately a Lot is sold you will: (a) give to us, if requested, proof of identity, and (b) pay to us the total amount due or in such other way as is agreed by us. (2) Any payments by you to us may be applied by us towards any sums owing from you to us on any account whatever without regard to any directions of you or your agent, whether express or implied. (3) Buyers who utilise the services of ATG Live Auctions or any other live internet services are hereby informed that the payment method details that are provided to ATG Live Auctions or any other live internet services as part of the process of registration will, in the absence of compliance with paragraph (1) of this clause, be utilised by us to settle any amounts owing by such buyers to us. 7. Title and collection of purchases (1) The ownership of any Lots purchased shall not pass to you until you have made payment in full to us of the total amount due. (2) You shall at your own risk and expense take away any lots that you have purchased and paid for not later than 3 working days following the day of the auction or upon the clearance of any cheque used for payment after which you shall be responsible for any removal, storage and insurance charges. (3) No purchase can be claimed or removed until it has been paid for. (4) Dreweatts is unable to arrange packaging or shipping of items. Successful buyers must make these arrangements independently, though the saleroom may be able to suggest specialist shipping companies who can advise buyers, this advice is not a recommendation and the saleroom is not liable for any aspect of the packaging and shipping process. Please note that the cost of packaging and shipping depends on the size/weight of the item(s) purchased, insurance requirements, and the shipping destination, not on the value of the item(s) purchased. Please note that any items not collected within one week of the sale date may be automatically removed to commercial storage and subject to a storage charge. 8. Remedies for non-payment or failure to collect purchases (1) If any Lot is not paid for in full and taken away in accordance with these Conditions or if there is any other breach of these Conditions, we, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf, shall at our absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights we may have, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights and remedies: (a) to proceed against you for damages for breach of contract; (b) to rescind the sale of that Lot and/or any other Lots sold by us to you; (c) to resell the Lot (by auction or private treaty) in which case you shall be responsible for any resulting deficiency in the total amount due (after crediting any part payment and adding any resale costs). Any surplus so arising shall belong to the seller; (d) to remove, store and insure the Lot at your expense and, in the case of storage, either at our premises or elsewhere; e) to charge interest at a rate not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due to the extent it remains unpaid for more than 3 working days after the sale; (g) to retain that or any other Lot sold to you until you pay the total amount due; (h) to reject or ignore bids from you or your agent at future auctions or to impose conditions before any such bids shall be accepted; (i) to apply any proceeds of sale of other Lots due or in future becoming due to you towards the settlement of the total amount due and to exercise a lien (that is a right to retain possession of) any of your property in our possession for any purpose until the debt due is satisfied. (2) We shall, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf pursue these rights and remedies only so far as is reasonable to make appropriate recovery in respect of breach of these conditions 9. Third party liability All members of the public on our premises are there at their own risk and must note the lay-out of the accommodation and security arrangements. Accordingly neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall incur liability for death or personal injury (except as required by law by reason of our negligence) or similarly for the safety of the property of persons visiting prior to or at a sale. 10. Commission bids Whilst prospective buyers are strongly advised to attend the auction and are always responsible for any decision to bid for a particular Lot and shall be assumed to have carefully inspected and satisfied themselves as to its condition we will if so instructed clearly and in writing execute bids on their behalf. Neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall be responsible for any failure to do so save where such failure is unreasonable. Where two or more commission bids at the same level are recorded we reserve the right in our absolute discretion to prefer the first bid so made. 11. Warranty of title and availability The seller warrants to the auctioneer and you that the seller is the true owner of the property consigned or is properly authorized by the true owner to consign it for sale and is able to transfer good and marketable title to the property free from any third party claims. 12. Agency The auctioneer normally acts as agent only and disclaims any responsibility for default by sellers or buyers. 13. Terms of sale The seller acknowledges that Lots are sold subject to the stipulations of these Conditions in their entirety and on the Terms of Consignment as notified to the consignor at the time of the entry of the Lot. 14. Descriptions and condition (1) Whilst we seek to describe lots accurately, it may be impractical for us to carry out exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Prospective buyers are given ample opportunities to view and inspect before any sale and they (and any independent experts on their behalf) must satisfy themselves as to the accuracy of any description applied to a lot. Prospective buyers also bid on the understanding that, inevitably, representations or statements by us as to authorship, genuineness, origin, date, age, provenance, condition or estimated selling price involve matters of opinion. We undertake that any such opinion shall be honestly and reasonably held and accept liability for opinions given negligently or fraudulently. Subject to the foregoing neither we the auctioneer nor our employees or agents nor the seller accept liability for the correctness of such opinions and all conditions and warranties, whether relating to description, condition or quality of lots, express, implied or statutory, are hereby excluded. This Condition is subject to the next following Condition concerning deliberate forgeries and applies save as provided for in paragraph 6 "information to buyers". (2) Private treaty sales made under these Conditions are deemed to be sales by auction for purposes of consumer legislation. 15. Forgeries Notwithstanding the preceding Condition, any Lot which proves to be a deliberate forgery (as defined) may bereturned to us by you within 21 days of the auction provided it is in the same condition as when bought, and is accompanied by particulars identifying it from the relevant catalogue description and a written statement of defects. If we are satisfied from the evidence presented that the Lot is a deliberate forgery we shall refund the money paid by you for the Lot including any buyer's premium provided that (1) if the catalogue description reflected the accepted view of scholars and experts as at the date of sale or (2) you personally are not able to transfer a good and marketable title to us, you shall have no rights under this condition. The right of return provided by this Condition is additional to any right or remedy provided by law or by these Conditions of Sale. General 16. We shall have the right at our discretion, to refuse admission to our premises or attendance at our auctions by any person. 17. (1) Any right to compensation for losses liabilities and expenses incurred in respect of and as a result of any breach of these Conditions and any exclusions provided by them shall be available to the seller and/or the auctioneer as appropriate. (2). Such rights and exclusions shall extend to and be deemed to be for the benefit of employees and agents of the seller and/or the auctioneer who may themselves enforce them. 18. Any notice to any buyer, seller, bidder or viewer may be given by first class mail, email or Swiftmail in which case it shall be deemed to have been received by the addressee 48 hours after posting. 19. Special terms may be used in catalogue descriptions of particular classes of items in which case the descriptions must be interpreted in accordance with any glossary appearing at the commencement of the catalogue. 20. Any indulgence extended to bidders buyers or sellers by us notwithstanding the strict terms of these Conditions or of the Terms of Consignment shall affect the position at the relevant time only and in respect of that particular concession only; in all other respects these Conditions shall be construed as having full force and effect. 21. English law applies to the interpretation of these Conditions. CONDITION REPORTS: Detailed condition reports for all lots are available upon direct request to the Saleroom. Please note that Dreweatts are unable to give verbal condition reports for any lot. Potential buyers should note that these reports are matters of opinion only, are non-exhaustive, and based solely on what can be seen to the naked eye unless otherwise specified by the cataloguer. Lots will not be removed from frames, cases or housings of any form unless specified by the cataloguer. The responsibility for ascertaining the condition of the lot remains with the purchaser, and Dreweatts cannot be held responsible for these reports which are of an advisory nature only. If you do not agree with these terms, please advise the member of staff to whom you speak or write, and a condition report will not be delivered. Failure to do so implies that you are in agreement with these terms. If you have viewed an item for which you request a report, the condition report cannot be a reason for canceling a sale. IMPORTANT NOTICES TO WATCH BUYERS: Damage, Restoration, Alteration Although every effort is made to note any damage, restoration or alterations, the absence of any such information in catalogue descriptions does not imply the lot is in perfect condition and free for any such defects. Prospective buyers should satisfy themselves as to the condition of any lot prior to bidding. All watches are serviced from time to time, and Dreweatts are unable to guarantee that the working parts of any watch movement, or watch bezel, dial, glass bracelet, strap or buckle are the manufacturers' original parts, unless otherwise stated in the catalogue description. We are unable to make any representation in our catalogue descriptions or our condition reports as to the authenticity of such parts. Dreweatts are unable to make any representation, nor make any comment on, the authenticity of diamond, or other gemstones set into watch dials, bezels, cases and bracelets. Authentication All watch movements have been inspected by Dreweatts watchmaker and specialists, and we have verified all inventory and movement numbers. For the information or potential bidders, all inventory and movement number are printed in the catalogue description for the relevant lot. Inspection of Movements Clients are requested NOT to remove the backs of watches by themselves to examine movements during the public view. The removal of watch backs and inspection of watch movements may only be carried out under the supervision of Dreweatts qualified watchmaker, or relevant watch specialist. Clients should also be aware that the will be held liable for any damage and subsequent repairs so caused to watches and their movements. Please ask a member of Dreweatts staff for assistance in viewing watch movements. Condition Reports Detailed condition reports for all lots are available upon direct request to the Saleroom. Dreweatts condition reports will identify whether a watch functions at the time of cataloguing, and suggest possible, but not comprehensive, restoration work that may need to be carried out for the watch to function properly. Dreweatts are unable to test watches for accuracy or running to time, and we do not guarantee that any watch will function when purchased. As we have examined all watch movements by removing the case backs, we cannot guarantee that water resistant watches will remain water resistant following purchase from us. Dreweatts recommend that any watch purchased from us is subsequently overhauled by a competent watchmaker to ensure proper functioning. IMPORTANT NOTICES TO JEWELLERY BUYERS: Damage, Restoration, Alteration Although every effort is made to note any damage, restoration or alterations, the absence of any such information in catalogue descriptions does not imply the lot is in perfect condition and free for any such defects. Prospective buyers should satisfy themselves as to the condition of any lot prior to bidding. Enhancement Prospective bidders should be aware than many coloured gems have been historically treated by a variety of methods to improve their appearance, both in terms of colour and transparency. Rubies and sapphires are routinely heat treated, emeralds and enhanced through the use of coloured and transparent oils and resins, and jadiete is routinely stained. These treatments, and others including irradiation and coating, are generally accepted by the jewellery trade as standard practice. Although most treatments are considered to be permanent, those gemstones which have been oiled may need to be re-treated to maintain their appearance. Any such treatments affect the market value of coloured gemstones, and Dreweatts pre-sale estimates published in the catalogue assume that all gemstones, unless otherwise stated in the catalogue, may have been enhanced. Dreweatts may obtain Gemological Reports from a recognized laboratory where appropriate detailing any enhancements, or lack of, for certain gemstones, and such reports may be obtained for prospective bidders prior to the sale, provided such requests are made at least three weeks before the sale, and that the requesting party has pre-paid for such a report. However it is not possible for Dreweatts to obtain reports for every stone offered in the sale. In the absence of a gemological laboratory report, it is not possible for Dreweatts to make any comment on the possibility that any gemstone in any lot may have been subject to enhancement. Dreweatts catalogue descriptions and condition reports adhere to the guidelines laid out in the 'Blue Book' of CIBJO, the International Jewellery Confederation. Weights All gram weights have been obtained using an electronic balance, but weights stated in the catalogue are approximate and for guidance only, and potential bidders should satisfy themselves as to their accuracy. '…approximately 1.20 carats total,…' all such stone weights are estimated using standard equipment and formulae, and are subject to the limitations imposed by the mount. '…weighing 1.20 carats,…' where the description reads as such, the stones in question have been removed from the mount and weighted using an electronic balance. Signatures '…by Lacloche,…' in our opinion is a piece made by or for the jeweller, bearing relevant signatures, maker's marks, and where appropriate, the maker's inventory number/s. '…signed Lacloche,…' in our opinion is a piece retained by the jeweller, but not necessarily made by them. This may also mean that the piece has been mounted by the jewellery using stores supplied by the client; a special commission from a client's design; or has been altered or later added to. Dreweatts jewelery specialists and qualified gemologists are available during the view to answer any queries. CONDITIONS OF SALE RELATING TO WINE SALES 1. Buyer's premium is charged per lot at 15% plus VAT (17.625%) of the hammer price. 2. VAT: (*) indicates that VAT is payable by the purchaser at the standard rate (17.5%) on the hammer price as well as being an element in the buyer's premium. See "Commission Charges" for further details. 3. Bidding will be at Duty Paid prices. For Commission Bidding see "Conditions of Sale" no 10. 4. Description of Lots. Descriptions, ullages and conditions of wines are described as correctly as possible at the time of the publication of this catalogue. Purchasers of old wines must assure themselves regarding ullage levels, labels, etc. No returns will be accepted. 5. Options to buy parcels. The Purchaser of the first lot of any one wine shall have the option to accept some or all of the remaining lots of a similar bottle size in the parcel at the same bid price, unless the Auctioneer directs otherwise. 6. Each lot shall be at the Purchaser's risk from the conclusion until payment and collection are made. 7. Bottle sizes are 75cl unless otherwise stated in the lot description. Where possible, levels have been judged by the Mirrington Level Indicator. 8. Wine stored externally: Some wines in this sale are being stored external to the saleroom. The relevant lots are noted in the description. Wines stored externally will be delivered to the saleroom for collection after the sale. 9. Condition Reports: It is the responsibility of potential buyers to obtain any additional information (if any) on lots on which they intend to bid. Condition reports are available on request.
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