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20th C. Salish / Kootenai North American Bison Skull

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20th C. Salish / Kootenai North American Bison Skull
Item Details
Description
North America, Western United States, Montana, Flathead Reservation, Salish & Kootenai Tribes, ca. early to mid-20th century CE. A massive skull from an American bison (Bison bison), also known as an American buffalo, the most iconic animal of the American West! The large teeth from the upper jaw are well preserved, and the bone has beautifully lightened to a sun-bleached creamy beige, while the dark brown horn sheaths curve up and slightly inward. Bison were an invaluable animal for many tribes and were used for food, medicine, tools, and clothing. These majestic animals embody the "Old West" and are integral to many traditional ways of life and religious beliefs. This skull has a metal wire attached to the verso and would be an amazing display piece! Size: 24.5" L x 23" W (62.2 cm x 58.4 cm)

Bison, often known as the American buffalo, are in the bovine family, which contains Taurids (cattle) and bisonids, diverged from a common ancestor with the water buffalo and African buffalo around 5 to 10 million years ago. The bison at some point migrated from the Old World into the New. During the Ice Age, they were much larger, with species like Bison latifrons (giant bison) and Bison antiquus evolving to become smaller and smaller as the millennia passed and the climate changed. That does not mean they are small animals in our non-Ice Age times - in fact, today, they are the largest land mammal in North America - bigger than moose, elk, and even grizzly bears! Adult males can weigh up to 2000 pounds and stand six feet tall.

The European settlers hunted bison nearly to extinction in the 19th century. The Flathead Indian Reservation was home to a free ranging herd that was protected by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes (CSKT), to save the animals from being completely decimated. In 1908 the American government seized the land and herd from the CSKT and established the National Bison Range, taking the control and management of the herd away from the tribes. As of 2019, the herd's management has finally been transferred back to CSKT.

Provenance: private Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA collection, acquired in 1997

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to recent increases of shipments being seized by Australian & German customs (even for items with pre-UNESCO provenance), we will no longer ship most antiquities and ancient Chinese art to Australia & Germany. For categories of items that are acceptable to ship to Australia or Germany, please contact us directly or work with your local customs brokerage firm.

Display stands not described as included/custom in the item description are for photography purposes only and will not be included with the item upon shipping.

#166840
Condition
Surface is a creamy yellow from open air contact. Near complete with no repairs, some small areas of loss low on the nasal cavity and to tooth enamel. Teeth are slightly loose, but present. Lower jaw is absent as shown. Horn sheathes are removable. Metal wire attached for suspension.
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20th C. Salish / Kootenai North American Bison Skull

Estimate $2,000 - $3,000
Nov 04, 2021
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Starting Price $1,000
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0108B: 20th C. Salish / Kootenai North American Bison Skull

Lot Passed
0 Bids
Est. $2,000 - $3,000Starting Price $1,000
Ancient & Ethnographic Art Through The Ages
Nov 04, 2021 10:00 AM EDT
Buyer's Premium 26.5%

Lot 0108B Details

Description
...
North America, Western United States, Montana, Flathead Reservation, Salish & Kootenai Tribes, ca. early to mid-20th century CE. A massive skull from an American bison (Bison bison), also known as an American buffalo, the most iconic animal of the American West! The large teeth from the upper jaw are well preserved, and the bone has beautifully lightened to a sun-bleached creamy beige, while the dark brown horn sheaths curve up and slightly inward. Bison were an invaluable animal for many tribes and were used for food, medicine, tools, and clothing. These majestic animals embody the "Old West" and are integral to many traditional ways of life and religious beliefs. This skull has a metal wire attached to the verso and would be an amazing display piece! Size: 24.5" L x 23" W (62.2 cm x 58.4 cm)

Bison, often known as the American buffalo, are in the bovine family, which contains Taurids (cattle) and bisonids, diverged from a common ancestor with the water buffalo and African buffalo around 5 to 10 million years ago. The bison at some point migrated from the Old World into the New. During the Ice Age, they were much larger, with species like Bison latifrons (giant bison) and Bison antiquus evolving to become smaller and smaller as the millennia passed and the climate changed. That does not mean they are small animals in our non-Ice Age times - in fact, today, they are the largest land mammal in North America - bigger than moose, elk, and even grizzly bears! Adult males can weigh up to 2000 pounds and stand six feet tall.

The European settlers hunted bison nearly to extinction in the 19th century. The Flathead Indian Reservation was home to a free ranging herd that was protected by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes (CSKT), to save the animals from being completely decimated. In 1908 the American government seized the land and herd from the CSKT and established the National Bison Range, taking the control and management of the herd away from the tribes. As of 2019, the herd's management has finally been transferred back to CSKT.

Provenance: private Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA collection, acquired in 1997

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

PLEASE NOTE: Due to recent increases of shipments being seized by Australian & German customs (even for items with pre-UNESCO provenance), we will no longer ship most antiquities and ancient Chinese art to Australia & Germany. For categories of items that are acceptable to ship to Australia or Germany, please contact us directly or work with your local customs brokerage firm.

Display stands not described as included/custom in the item description are for photography purposes only and will not be included with the item upon shipping.

#166840
Condition
...
Surface is a creamy yellow from open air contact. Near complete with no repairs, some small areas of loss low on the nasal cavity and to tooth enamel. Teeth are slightly loose, but present. Lower jaw is absent as shown. Horn sheathes are removable. Metal wire attached for suspension.

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