Period: Circa 1900
Features: The clock has beveled glass and its face reads "Simplex Time Recorder Co. Gardner Mass, USA." At the top is a carved floral decoration. The back has a sticker which reads "Mitteldeutsche Uhreneabrur Wolfhagan."
Size: 31.5" H x 15.5" W x 8.75" D
Weight: 24 pounds
Condition: Good. A loss at the top left corner approximately 2" W x .0.5" D. This clock operated well upon inspection in the gallery. However, we cannot guarantee operation continues after our initial inspection.
History: Edward G. Watkins founded the Simplex Time Recorder Company in 1894. Watkins invented and patented one of the first practical time clocks, along with the synchronized clock systems seen in schools up until recent times. The company, located in Gardner, Massachusetts, purchased the IBM Time Equipment Division in 1958. This purchase included IBM's fire protection division. Originally, Simplex's fire alarm line simply consisted of relabeled IBM devices and control panels (including the 4217 and possibly the 4201 series), but they began to introduce their own products starting in the early 1960s, including the 4245, 4246, and 4247 series control panels. Most of Simplex's audible notification appliances prior to the 1990s were relabeled Benjamin Electric, Federal Signal, Faraday, and Autocall devices. Simplex's time division began to lose market share, but their newly-founded fire alarm division significantly prospered. Simplex's 4040 vibrating horns have been noted as the loudest fire alarm audible signal to be produced in America, reaching up to 120dB in some cases. In the early 1970s, Simplex introduced the 4208-series conventional control panels, along with their first visual signaling devices, the 4050-80 series. Around this time, Simplex also introduced the iconic "T-bar" style pull station, which is still manufactured today. In the mid 1970s, Simplex introduced the 4207, a system similar in design to the 4208, but with updated features such as card-based modularity, DC battery trickle charging, and voice evacuation for large buildings.
Meta: Timepiece, timekeeper, timemarker, watch