229: 1789-1791 Acts of the First Congress of the US
1789-1791 Acts of the First Congress of the United States1793, Book, Acts Passed at the First Session of the Congress of the United States of America," Containing the Acts Passed, plus the Texts of the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Fine.
This scarce publication records all the Acts passed at all three sessions of the historic First Congress, as well as early printings of the Declaration and the Constitution (including printed signatures of President George Washington and all the delegates who signed the Constitution). This full leather bound, hardcover book was printed in Philadelphia in 1793 by E. Oswald, and contains 375 pages plus about 50 pages for the Contents and Index. This book measures 8.5" x 5.25," and is labeled Volume I. According to the Contents, this volume covers all three sessions of Congress. The second volume (not present) perhaps contains the debates and votes on the Acts. The First Session convened on March 4, 1789; the Second on January 4, 1790; and the Third Session convened on December 6, 1790, and adjourned March 3, 1791. This volume includes the Constitution, signed in type; the Constitutional Convention's resolution and transmittal of the Constitution to Congress and the several States, signed in type by George Washington; the Bill of Rights [the twelve amendments proposed by the First Congress, not yet ratified]; a Table of Contents of the Acts and Treaties; the Articles of Confederation and Declaration of Independence; and the Acts and Treaties creating the legislative foundations of the National Government. Printed here, among other landmarks, are the first Judiciary Act, establishing the Judicial Courts of the United States; the Census; the definition of Treason; North Carolina's land cessions; the Military Establishment; creating the seat of Government at the District of Columbia; admiralty; taxation and duties; admission of Kentucky into the Union from the Virginia Cession; admission of Vermont; the Bank of the United States; the United States Mint; the Whisky Tax; establishment of the Post Office and Post Roads, etc. Each Act has its date of approval, with the signature of President Washington and Vice President John Adams in type. A complete Index appears at the end. Both covers are cracked at the spine and beginning to come loose (though still attached with raised string binding). The corners are worn through and there is some wear through along the spine. Overall the covers are still in good condition. The pages are tightly bound and only very lightly toned. Part of the bottom margin of page 11 is torn away, and one other 1" margin tear has been noted. Otherwise the contents are in excellent condition. An early ownership signature dated 1803 appears on the front end paper. An early, important and historic United States Government Publication, containing all the basic documents on which the United States was founded.