FRANCE] Leo Laurent-Pichat (1823-1886) French politician, poet and man of letters, best known for his role in the publication of the first edition of Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert in 1857. During the trial, which takes place in 1857, three men appear: "MM. Leo Laurent-Pichat and Auguste-Alexis Pillet. "Lurent-Pichat, having, in 1856, by publishing in the No. 1 and December 15 of the Revue de Paris fragments of a novel, Madame Bovary , and especially various fragments in the pages 73, 77, 78, 272, 273, committed the crime of contempt of public and religious morality and decency; 2 Pillet and Flaubert have, by printing Pillet for them to be published, writing and Flaubert handing Laurent-Pichat to be published fragments of the novel, Madame Bovary, above-named, helped and assisted with knowledge, Laurent-Pichat in fact have prepared and consumed ease the aforementioned offenses, and s be so complicit in these crimes referred to in Articles 1 and 8 of the Act of 17 ill in 1819, and 59 and 60 of the Penal Code . " It's Maxime du Camp , the childhood friend of Flaubert, who had handed over Laurent-Pichat the manuscript of Madame Bovary. Laurent-Pichat accepted the manuscript but demanded cuts. Maxime du Camp propped. He also felt that "the work is too thick, that most deserves to be released from a" bunch of useless things. " Flaubert does not care: co-editor of the Revue de Paris in just a hand specialist "hundred francs" will of Madame Bovary "a really good thing." It will remove the section of the wedding, shorten the elections, sacrifice a good part of the episode of clubfoot . " Furious, Flaubert scribbled "gigantic! "The back of the letter and did not answer. But when the question of removing the famous passage of the cab, Flaubert wrote to Laurent-Pichat: "It does not bleach the blacks and we do not change the blood of a book can impoverish, that's all . " Once earned, and Madame Bovary published with minimal cuts that Flaubert had to resign trial, he wrote on her personal copy the following lines: "This is my manuscript copy as from the hands of Mr. Laurent Pichat, poet and editor of the journal owner of Paris . " [English translation]. Long 3 page ALS, 1857, approx. 5 x 8-1/4". Identified as about "the unknown God." Archival tape repair that doesn't show..