Antique 1875 Thomas Nast Woodblock Art, signed in images. (2) Thomas Nast Woodblock Political Cartoons on one page. From April 24, 1875 Issue of Harper's Weekly. Interior Page woodblock cartoons, of that Harper's Weekly issue, (2) Nast cartoons on one page with text between. Titled: "TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE." & "A PRIVILEGE?"/ WIFE: "I WISH YOU WHERE NOT ALLOWED IN HERE." with both a strong Anti-racist content & Anti-Alcohol content as shown in scan(s). The Civil Rights Act of 1875 had been enacted into law & is notable as one of the major pieces of legislation related to Reconstruction that were passed by Congress after the American Civil War. Before the ink was dry the act was opposed & in court by racist elements in both North & South. The Supreme Court, in a 8–1 decision, declared the act unconstitutional in the Civil Rights Cases on October 15, 1883. The Court held the Equal Protection Clause within the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits discrimination by the state and local government, but it does not give the federal government the power to prohibit discrimination by private individuals and organizations. The Court also held that the Thirteenth Amendment was meant to eliminate "the badge of slavery," but not to prohibit racial discrimination in public accommodations. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last civil rights bill to be signed into law in the United States until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 during the Civil Rights Movement. The Text between the two images is interesting as a defense of racism in saloons by one of the major political supporter of the 1875 Act as passed. The top image measures approximately 5 inches X 9 inches & the bottom image is approximately 6 inches X 9 inches. Both images plus borders & Harper's Weekly masthead. Right hand side shows removal marks; left edge has a short closed tear in the margin NOT touching the image; other edges show light wear which will be covered by the mat when framed. Paper is lightly age toned but not brittle. Signed in both images: "TH. NAST." Overall the piece is Very Good. Thomas Nast (1840-1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon". He was the scourge of Democratic Representative "Boss" Tweed and the Tammany Hall Democratic party political machine & of the Democratic Party in general whom he consisdered pro-South traitors. He was also strongly anti-Irish & anti-Catholic Church, since in the 19th century the Irish strongly supported the Demogratic Party & were predominately Catholic. Nast considered the Catholic Church as a threat to American values. According to his biographer, Fiona Deans Halloran, Nast was "intensely opposed to the encroachment of Catholic ideas into public education". Among his notable works were the creation of the modern version of Santa Claus----based on the traditional German figures of Sankt Nikolaus and Weihnachtsmann----and the political symbol of the elephant for the Republican Party. Contrary to popular belief, Nast did not create Uncle Sam----the male personification of the American people----or Columbia----the female personification of American values----or the Democratic donkey, though he did popularize these symbols through his artwork. Nast was associated with the magazine Harper's Weekly from 1859 to 1860 and from 1862 until 1886. It has been argued by eminent historians that as a political cartoonist, Thomas Nast wielded more influence than any other artist of the 19th century. He not only enthralled a vast audience with boldness and wit, but swayed it time and again to his personal position on the strength of his visual imagination. President Lincoln called Nast "our best recruiting sergeant" for one of his most celebrated cartoons "Compromise with the South", which was directed against those in the North who opposed the prosecution of the American Civil War, as well as, for drawing battlefields in border and southern states. President Grant attributed his victory in 1868 to "the sword of Sheridan and the pencil of Thomas Nast." In the 1872 presidential campaign, Nast's ridicule of Horace Greeley's candidacy was especially merciless. After Grant's victory in 1872, Mark Twain wrote the artist a letter saying: "Nast, you more than any other man have won a prodigious victory for Grant----I mean, rather, for Civilization and Progress." As a crusading civil reformer he helped destroy the corrupt "Boss" Tweed Ring that swindled NYC of millions of dollars. His impact on American public life was formidable enough to profoundly affect the outcome of every presidential election during the period 1864 to 1884. ALL ITEMS ARE GUARANTEED TO BE ACCURATELY DESCRIBED, NOT DEFECTIVE, & GENUINE. PLEASE NOTE: Shipping will be billed to winning bidder by Last Chance Auctions in their billing for item(s). Media Mail postage is shown for shipping in the United States. Foreign winning bidders will pay postage based on their countries small/medium/large Flat Rate box postage rates & weight of the package. Other types of postage are avaible at added expense at the bidders request. A Tracking Number will be provided to buyer. Insurance is mandatory on packages over $100 USD and will be added to postage charges when applicable.
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