SPEER ALBERT: (1905-1981) Nazi Politician & Hitler’s Chief Architect. Minister of Armaments and War Production 1942-45. An interesting T.L.S., Albert Speer, one page, 4to, Heidelberg, 12th December 1977, to Mr. Ramsay. Speer announces ‘You are correct in that the photocopies do indeed show the excavations for the bunkers. It is in fact a large bunker complex (not the one Hitler used), which was later transformed into a military hospital….’ and continues ‘The bunkers, constructed and built in 1938, corresponded with the perception of the effect of bombs at that time, plus additional safety precautions. Hitler’s personal bunker was built in two stages. The second part had a much stronger ceiling. This was necessary due to the use of heavier bombs during the course of the war. I was not involved in the construction. This was the responsibility of Piepenburg (now dead)….’ In concluding Speer recommends that his correspondent obtain a copy of the book Die Katakombe by O’Donnel, remarking that ‘It contains an exact drawing of the bunker complex in which Hitler commited (sic) suicide’. With a blue ink annotation in another hand. VG
The Fuhrerbunker was an air raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. Part of a subterranean bunker complex, constructed in two phases and completed in 1944, the architects were Albert Speer and Karl Piepenburg. The Fuhrerbunker played a significant role at the end of World War II as the last of the Fuhrer Headquarters used by Hitler after he took up residence there on 16th January 1945. Hitler married Eva Braun in the Fuhrerbunker during the last week of April 1945, shortly before they committed suicide.