Fu BaoShi (Chinese, 1904-1965), painted in the twenty-first days of Eighth month of JiaShen year, Chinese ink and color painting on paper laid on silk, hanging scroll. Hand painted with fine brushstrokes and shades depicted three figures within the splendors of the rivers and mountains, drawing inspiration from nature landscape. Themed calligraphy inscription on upper left, signed and dated by artist, Fu BaoShi, followed by red signature seal.
Mounted on creme-brownish silk, before pale-celadon border, set behind glass, wooden box framed.
Dimension: 74-1/4" L x 127-3/4" W
From the collection of General Chen Qi (1912-2000), an artist, calligrapher, a prominent businessman and private antiques collector.
EDEN Fine Antiques Galleries is honored and proud to offer General Chen Qi's heirloom collections including unpublished Qi BaiShi paintings, Fu BaoShi, Zhang DaQian as well as his own calligraphy and paintings.
General Chen Qi's collections can be found on Lot 17, 18, 19, 20, and Lot-88 through Lot-142, continuing at Lot 265 through Lot-298.
Chen_Qi_(collector) Chen Qi (陳淇), who styled himself as “Cangquan” (滄泉）and “Yuquanshanren”（玉泉山人), is a modern collector.
Chen Qi was born in Fujian on March 8, 1912 in a merchant family. He was well educated in traditional culture since childhood. Chen Qi began to learn literacy from his grandfather since 1916, and had studied enlightenment readings such as Three Character Classic, Thousand Poems, Book of Filial Piety, and Confucian classics, etc.. He also studied Tang Kai (one of the Chinese traditional calligraphy scripts originated from Tang Dynasty) as daily calligraphy class.
In 1927, Chen Qi was enrolled in a Christian school.
In 1928, Chen Qi dropped out of school due to illness. While recuperating at home, he read books and newspapers, and gained a deeper understanding from his communications with businessmen from the South of the devastated and weakened old Chinese society. Just like other youths full with aspirations in the turbulent time, Chen Qi determined to transform China and save Chinese people from the crisis.
In 1932, Chen Qi went to Japan and was enrolled in the famous Imperial Japanese Army Academy, a military school founded in 1868. Imperial Japanese Army Academy was committed to Militaristic Spiritual Education and had successfully trained a large number of senior generals participated in the war of aggression again China later on. Many famous modern Chinese generals also graduated from Imperial Japanese Army Academy, such as Cai E, Ying Heqin, Li Rujiong, Tang Enbo, etc.
While Chen Qi was in Japan, he not only met his wife, Qiuben Jiumeizi, who accompanied him by a lifetime (moved to China with Chen Qi later on and changed her name to Lin Yachun), in May 1935, he also got to know Chinese painter, Fu Baoshi, who was holding a Exhibition at the time. It was the first exhibition Fu Baoshi held in Japan. Both staying in foreign country, the two became friends right away. In June of the same year, Fu Baoshi went back to China due to his mother's serious illness (his mother already passed away after his return). Two months later, Chen Qi returned to China as well and was invited by Fu Baoshi to visit Nan Chang, where Fu held his first personal exhibition in China.
In 1935, Chen Qi was appointed by National Revolutionary Army to teach in Republic of China Military Academy, also known as Huangpu Military Academy. He became Deputy Director of Training and was granted the rank of Major General. During his tenure, he had made great contribution through training of military personnel. Just like what the founder of modern China, Sun Zhongshan, had said, we found this school to lead the students to become the foundation of revolutionary army. You will be the future elites of revolutionary army. And this is the way that lead to our success in revolution.
During his term as director, Chen Qi developed extensive social contacts not only in politics, but also in business, literary and art circles. He also concentrated in calligraphy, reading and painting.
In January 1936 (the 25th year of the Republic Era), Chen Qi went to Tianjin (original destination was Beijing but stayed in Tianjin for a few days) to attend an exhibition in Tianjin Yong'An Restaurant, held by a group of painters including Zhang Daqian, Zhang Shanzi, Xiao Qianzhong, Hu Peiheng, Xu Yansun, Yu FeiAn, He Haixia, etc.. During the trip, besides political and business affairs, Chen Qi had made contacts with celebrities in literary and art circles, including Mei Lanfang and Qi Baishi.
Although working in military during the turbulent time, Chen Qi was still deeply affected by Confucianism and traditional cultural education he received since childhood. He continued studying in painting and focused on collection of various arts and antiques from various Chinese Dynasties.
In 1955, after arriving at Taiwan, Chen Qi was appointed as military official of the embassy in Indonesia. He attended multiple international affairs and meetings on behalf of Nationalist Government (Guomin Government), and often travelled between Taiwan and Indonesia due to business and political reasons. In Taiwan, he had close personal relationships with Pu Xinyu, Zhang Daqian, Huang Junbi, Xu Fuguan, Hu Shi, and Yu Youren, etc.. He was also a frequent guest of Jiang Jieshi and Song Meiling.
<brDuring his work in Indonesia, Chen Qi got to know Chinese painters such as Wu Zishen and Yan Wanyu, and built close personal relationship with them. They often send each other letters and poems to maintain contacts.
In 1965, Chen Qi left his job in Indonesia, and travelled frequently to mainland China during the 80s. He was generous and made multiple contributions to nonprofit programs and organizations in his homeland, including building schools, water conservation, and newspaper industry. Meanwhile, he continued studying calligraphy, especially during his old age, and enjoyed simple life.
Fu BaoShi, or Fu Pao-Shih, (1904-1965) was a Chinese painter from Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. He went to Japan to study the History of Oriental Art in the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1933. He translated many books from Japanese and carried out his own research. In painting itself, he brought Japanese visual elements to the Chinese ink painting tradition.
He was the Director of the Jiangsu Province Chinese Painting School and a Vice-Chairman of the Federation of Chinese Artists. He also taught in the Art Department of Central University (now Nanjing University). His works of landscape painting employed skillful use of dots and inking methods, creating a new technique encompassing many varieties within traditional rules. He was able to create an old, elegant style through his integration of poetic atmosphere and painting techniques. He has held many personal exhibitions in China and has won favorable comments.
Fu had strong feelings towards the land of China. During his travel to many places, he recorded the splendors of the rivers and mountains, drawing inspiration from nature and becoming the representative landscape painter of his time.
Fu wrote numerous fine arts theses, the earliest of which, "On the Evolution of Chinese Paintings", was written at the age of 25. He also carried out in-depth research into the history of landscape painting at the end of the 4th century BC, including the works of Gu Kaizhi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), Zhan Ziqian of the Sui Dynasty (581-618) and Jing Hao of the Five Dynasties Period (907-960), as well as Wu Daozi, Li Sixun, Li Zhaodao and Zhang Yanyuan of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). He worked very hard to imitate paintings by Gao Kegong and Ni Zan of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) Chen Hongshou of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and Cheng Sui, Kun Can, Zha Shibiao, Gong Xian, Mei Qing, Wui Li, Yun Shouping and Shi Tao of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), finally becoming one of the master painters of his age. In this capacity he succeeded Huang Binhong, who had created a new style of landscape painting called "BaoShi wrinkle" basing on the cattle-hair wrinkle of Wang Meng of the Yuan Dynasty.
As well as painting landscapes, Fu BaoShi was also an accomplished painter of figures. His paintings of ancient Chinese figures from the 3rd and 4th centuries BC are particularly acclaimed.
As a leader of the so-called New Chinese Painting Movement, which reformed traditional Chinese painting after 1949, Fu stood out from most of his contemporaries with his great passion for art, and his innovative brushwork and unique picture composition.
Fu's reforms were followed by a group of artists in Nanjing where he then lived. He was recognized as the founder of the Nanjing-based New Jinling School of Fine Arts. The school included such important artists as Chen Zhifo (1896-1962), Qian Songyan (1898-1985), Song Wenzhi (1919-1999), Wei Zixi (1915-2002) and Ya Ming (1924-2002).
Fu BaoShi was a great admirer of Shi Tao and, at the age of 18, changed his name to "Bao Shi" - meaning embracing "Shi Tao". He even wrote a chronicle of Shi Tao, recording his life experiences and social activities as well as his art creations. Fu BaoShi admitted that he was obsessed with the study of Shi Tao's painting.