Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2. History of Scientific Thought. Joseph Needham. Published by Cambridge University Press, 1956. The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists.