Monumental Map of Alabama and West Florida by John La Tourrette (American, b. 1785), "An Accurate Map of the State of Alabama and West Florida: Carefully compiled from the original surveys of the General Government; designed to exhibit at one view each Section and Fractional Section, so that each person can point to the tract on which he lives; By John La Tourrette, Mobile, Ala.", Engraved by S. Stiles & Co, New York, 1837, hand-colored wall map, first state, with vignettes of The State House, A Cotton Plant, University of the State of Alabama, The U.S. Arsenal and Fort Morgan; inset maps of Mobile, Florence, Tuscaloosa, Tuscumbia, Huntsville, Montgomery, Wetumpka and Pensacola; and numerous economic and demographic charts, sheet 66 in. x 54 in., framed, original rollers unmounted but provided. Note: Little is known biographically about John La Tourrette, except that he was a cartographer who produced the most detailed, ornamental, and factual maps of the Southeast United States during the antebellum period. Born on Staten Island, New York in 1785, he moved to Mobile prior to 1830, as he is shown on that census as a 45 year old male. His first documented works were maps of the Creek Territory in Alabama and the Choctaw Territory in Alabama, both published in 1833. His next work of record is the subject Alabama and West Florida map in 1837. There are only four located copies of this map, one of which is the second state at the Alabama Department of Archives, containing the text “Printed by Colton & Co.” above the lower right border. The national Archives (Special List 29: Alabama #5) lists an 1837 La Tourrette Alabama map, there is no mention of Colton as publisher, so this could be another first edition/first state map as well, The 1850 Catalog of the Maine State Library lists a copy with little information about the map; a search of the current library records finds no map. The subject map was deaccessioned by the Connecticut State Library in 2012; it is the only documented copy of the first state at present, pending review of the National Archives copy. The located copies contain bold red U.S. Land Office District numbering, with the districts outlined in red, indicating the land use orientation of the map. Monumental maps of Mississippi and Louisiana followed, along with reissues of all three publications. La Tourrette relocated to New Orleans before 1845 and continued his publishing efforts there. The Alabama map was reissued in 1838 and 1856 by D. H. Cram.
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