Details: This masterful original antique color lithograph entitled "Execution of the Thirty-Eight Sioux Indians at Mankato Minnesota December 26, 1862" was published by Hayes in Buffalo circa 1883.
In early December after the end of the Dakota War of 1862, 303 Sioux prisoners were convicted of murder and rape by military tribunals and sentenced to death. Some trials lasted less than 5 minutes. No one explained the proceedings to the defendants, nor were the Sioux represented by a defense in court. Pres. Abraham Lincoln personally reviewed the trial records to distinguish between those who had engaged in warfare against the U.S., versus those who had committed crimes of rape and murder against civilians. In the end, Lincoln commuted the death sentences of 264 prisoners, but he allowed the execution of 39 men. One of the 39 condemned prisoners was granted a reprieve. The Army executed the 38 remaining prisoners by hanging on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minnesota. It remains the largest mass execution in American history. The mass execution was performed publicly on a single scaffold platform.
This important historical print is handsomely matted and framed to approx. 27"x21" overall.
Please attend our live sale to inspect this and many other Civil War related items in person.
Condition / Notes: This chromolithograph shows nicely with moderate even toning, creases, marginal tears, and other typical signs of age and handling. It has not been examined out of its frame.
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