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Lot 0066
Civil War diary with 101 hand written pages. Written by Reverend Henry Wheeler, Chaplain of the 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry documents the Civil War in a hand written journal. The journal entries span from May 1, 1862 to 1866. It is a well documented journal in which he details the Union Army of the Potomac in Stafford County in November 1862. He writes about the election and subsequent assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by Booth, The Great Rochester Flood of1865, Colonel Josiah H. Kellogg, General Burnside, General Kane, The Battle of Gettysburg, The Battle of Fredericksburg, Slavery, The Spotted Tavern, Typhoid Fever,Yellow fever, Rebel soldiers, Slavery, The Grand Army, Religion,and much more. This is a very important and well documented legible journal. Over 120,000 Union soldiers occupied Stafford and their presence devastated farms, wood lots and forced many families to flee their homes. The camps of this massive army spread across the woods and fields of the eastern portion of the country, taking advantage of the transportation lines of the Potomac River and Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad. To protect itself, the army set up exterior lines of defense that guarded approaches from the north, south and west. The duty to patrol and picket this outer perimeter fell, most often, to the cavalry. Aquia Church's location, north of Stafford Court House, placed it close to those picket lines and made it a logical campsite for Union horsemen. (Aquia Church is now a National Historical Landmark). In early Feb 1863, Colonel Thomas C. Devin's Second Brigade, First Division of the Calvary Corps took advantage of Aquia Church. Reverend Henry Wheeler seized the opportunity to use the church for its intended purposes. In the diary he writes, "I found a guard place there by General Thomas L. Kane, to protect the church. I went to General Kane and obtained an in interview with him. I asked him to give me permission to use the church for religious purposes. He said, "I sent a guard there without being asked to do so by the vestry, and of course I can take it away at my pleasure. I am glad, Mr. Wheeler, that I have an opportunity of showing, at least once, that I consider the tow churches, Protestant Episcopal and Methodist Episcopal as one. I expressed my thanks for his kindness and retired. The guard was sent back to their regiment and men of the Seventeenth were detailed to clean the church and put it in condition for religious service." This was also referenced in a book written by P. Moyer in 1911 titled History of the Seventeenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Calvary.Rev. Henry Wheeler, Chaplain of the Seventeenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, was born in Wedmore, Somersetshire, England, February 22, 1835. He received his early education in the Church of England day schools, and later in the Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pa.He came to America, landing in New York June 23, 1855 and in August of the same year entered the itinerancy of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and served the North Moreland Circuit in Luzerne county, Pa. In 1856 he joined the Wyoming Conference, and served as pastor in Plainsville, Great Bend and Waymart in Pennsylvania.When Colonel Coe Durland of Honesdale, Pa., recruited the Wayne county cavalry company, a number of his parishioners enlisted, and when the company left for Harrisburg, he accompanied them. When the Seventeenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry was organized he was elected chaplain and served in that capacity until severe domestic affliction compelled him to resign. He was presented with a testimonial as to his fidelity, and efficiency as chaplain, signed by the commissioned officers then on duty with the regiment. The testimonial is now in his possession. After his return from the army he resumed his relations with the conference and served as pastor in Wilkes-Barre and Wyoming, Pa., and Waverly, Owego and Norwich, New York, and as presiding elder of the Otsego District in New York. He represented the Wyoming Conference in the General Conference of 1876 and served as. pastor in Kingston, Pa.In 1879 ne was transferred to the Philadelphia Conference and was successively stationed at Columbia, at Christ Church and Cumberland Street Church, Philadelphia, and Phoenixville, Media, Coatesville and Wayne. In 1904 he was given a superannuated relation to the conference and has since resided in Ocean Grove, N. J. He was a member of the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association. The degree of Doctor of Divinity has been given him, and he and Mrs. Wheeler devote themselves to literary work. Dr. Wheeler has distinguished himself as an author. His books have a wide circulation, and a number of them are text-books in the conference course of study in the Methodist Episcopal Church.His son, Hon. Post Wheeler is now secretary of the American Embassy in St. Petersburg, Russia, and his daughter is professor of English literature in the Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio.Source: History of the Seventeenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry OR One Hundred and Sixty-Second in the Line of Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiments. War to Suppress the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Compiled from Records of the Rebellion, Official Reports, Recollections, Reminiscences, Incidents, Diaries and Company Rosters, with an Appendix by H. P. Mover, Formerly Bugler, Co. E, 17th Regt., Pa. Vol. Cavalry. SOWERS PRINTING COMPANY, LEBANON, PA.

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Estimate $1,000 - $2,000Mar 25, 2017