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Lot 0005
Tiffany Favrile Art Glass Smoke Bell,

golden iridescent on swirling body, marked L-537 near loop, 5", excellent.Favrile glass is a type of iridescent art glass designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany. It was patented in 1894 and first produced in 1896. It differs from most iridescent glasses because the color is ingrained in the glass itself, as well as having distinctive coloring. Favrile glass was used in Tiffany's stained-glass windows.Tiffany founded his first glassmaking firm in 1892, which he called the Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company.The factory, Tiffany Furnaces, was located in Corona, Queens, New York[3] and managed by the skilled English immigrant Arthur J. Nash. It was here that Tiffany established his unique method of glassmaking: treating molten glass with metallic oxides that absorbed into the glass and created a luxurious iridescent surface effect.Tiffany received the patent for Favrile glass in 1894. The first Favrile objects were made in 1896.In 1865, Tiffany traveled to Europe, and in London he visited The South Kensington Museum, later renamed the Victoria and Albert Museum, whose extensive collection of Roman and Syrian glass made a deep impression on him. He admired the coloration of medieval glass and was convinced that the quality of contemporary glass could be improved upon.At the 1900 Paris Exposition, Favrile glass won the grand prize in the exposition.Favrile is different from other iridescent glasses because its color is not just on the surface, but embedded in the glass. The original trade name Fabrile was derived from an Old English word, fabrile, meaning "hand-wrought" or handcrafted. Tiffany later changed the word to Favrile "since this sounded better".Some of the distinguishing colors in Favrile glass include "Gold Lustre," Samian Red," Mazarin Blue," "Tel-al-amana" (or Turquoise Blue), and Aquamarine.

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