Details: SUYDERHOEF, Jonas (1613-1686) after Pieter Paul RUBENS. Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria (1573-1651). Haarlem: Published by Pieter Soutman, circa 1644. Mixed method, engraving and etching. Printed on fine laid paper with a watermark of a sun. In excellent condition. Image size: 15 5/8 x 10 1/2". Plate mark: 16 x 10 7/8". Sheet size: 20 1/2 x 15".
A stunning portrait of Emperor Maximilian I by Jonas Suyderhoef, one of the most celebrated Dutch portrait engravers.
Jonas Suyderhoef was one of the most eminent seventeenth century Dutch engravers. His refined and delicate technique, which combined a complicated use of etching and engraving, revolutionized the medium and introduced a new fluidity to the art of engraving. Considering his fame, surprisingly little is known of Suyderhoef's life and career. Born in 1613, he spent the entirety of his career in Haarlem, becoming one of the city's most esteemed craftsmen. It is conjectured that he received his training from the celebrated Dutch painter and engraver Pieter Soutman. He collaborated with his master on a number of plates and later reproduced many of his paintings into fine engravings. During his career Suyderhoef produced 138 magnificent engravings, the earliest of which is dated 1641 and the latest 1669. Although he did scrape a number of dramatic mythological scenes, the vast majority of his oeuvre was portraits. He reproduced the works of the Dutch masters, in particular the portraits of Rubens, Hals, Van Dyke, and his master Soutman. He entered the Haarlem guild in 1677 and was Franz Hals's principal engraver. In the history of the medium, Jonas Suyderhoef is considered one of the masters of portrait engraving. His rich, refined style set a precedent for future engravers. This magnificent portrait of Maximilian I is an excellent example of Suyderhoef's skill, and an important work from one of the greatest old master engravers of the seventeenth century.
Duke Maximilian of Bavaria (1573-1651), who became an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, was an ardent Roman Catholic, forming a Catholic League in opposition to the Protestant Union as what would become the Thirty Years War approached. In the war, Maximilian was a leading figure with his friend Ferdinand II, and a hero of the Catholic cause, at least while the war was a Catholic versus Protestant contest. While prosecuting the war to the east, he tried to keep his homeland Bavaria unharmed, but in 1632 the Swedish army forced Munich to surrender, and he was reluctantly forced to accept help from Wallenstein to remove them. Bavaria was again successfully attacked by the Swedes in 1647. Fortunately, hostilities ended in 1648.
Hollestein, Dutch and Flemish etchings, engravings, and woodcuts, ca. 1450-1700 Vol XXVIII, p. 221, no. 45, state i; Hind, A History of Engravings and Etchings p. 129; Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs.
Condition / Notes:
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