JEAN-MICHEL ATLAN (1913-1960) Attrib., Title: Untitled, Medium: Pastel on paper, Date: Circa 1950, Size: 12 ½ x 9 ½ In. COA. Was a self-taught artist associated with the Dutch-based avant-garde movement COBRA. Born in Algeria, Atlan grew up in Turkey and Paris, where he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne. He subsequently became a teacher but, because he was Jewish, lost his teaching license during World War II and began to paint to occupy himself. In 1942, he was arrested for his involvement with the Resistance, but evaded the death camps by affecting insanity. While confined to the Saint-Anne asylum, Atlan wrote a volume of poetry entitled Le Sang profond or The Deep Blood, which he published upon his release.