Magna Graecia, southern Italy, Apulia, Gnathian, ca. 340 to 325 BCE. Two attractive trefoil oinochoe vessels created in a pottery workshop in the Apulia region of southern Italy where potters were known for introducing additional pigments to black glazed vessels. Adorning the shoulders of both are bands of beautifully painted white and yellow/red laurel vines and tendrils, delicate floral clusters, and one with additional extended leafy vines and ornaments. Two beautiful examples that demonstrate the skillful techniques and an overall polychromatic effects characteristic of Gnathia. Size: slightly taller vessel measures 2.875" W x 4.375" H (7.3 cm x 11.1 cm)
Gnathia ware is named for the site where it was first discovered - the Apulian site of Egnathia. The black glaze ware is traditionally decorated with floral motifs in red, white, or yellow hues. Scholars believe that its production most likely was centered around Taras, with primary workshops in Egnathia and Canosa. The quantity and quality of Greek colonial Apulian potters increased significantly following the Peloponnesian War when Attic exports dramatically decreased. Apulian artistry demonstrates influences of Ionian (Athenian, Attic) conventions, as well as Doric (western colonial Greek) styles, with a palpable native Italian aesthetic.
Provenance: private Carlton collection, Los Angeles, California, USA, acquired between 1965 and 1980
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