Gilt bronze. Complying with Charlemagne's order that all conquered peoples convert to Christianity under penalty of death! The Franks rose to power and in 800 AD Charlemagne was crowned the first Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Northern Europe and later Italy fell to his armies. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This cross is one of those, dating 900-1000 AD. 1" height, with the cross beam above center, the terminals as large circles with circular center, combining to represent the five wounds of Christ. The center each side with a saltire. The saltire, like a Roman X, (also known as a St. Andrew's cross) was used on the coinage of the Christian Emperors of Rome and symbolized the authority of the Christian church in the 9th and 10th centuries. Professionally refurbished with the gold overlay restored.Domestic: Flat-rate of $9.95 to anywhere within the contiguous U.S.International: Flat-rate of $12.95.
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