18th Century Qing Dynasty Chinese Tibetan Buddhist Mandala Painting.
Within the center of the two dimensional circular diagram (mandala) representing the top view of a three dimensional celestial palace and surroundings is visvavajra.
Surrounding the central figures are eight pairs of Buddha of various colors. At the four shaped doors stand four pairs of guardian figures. Each pair of figures is counted as one and makes a total of 13 mandala deities.
The floor of the celestial palace is divided into four colors ornately patterned with floral designs: red, blue, white and yellow. On the veranda outside of the palace walls, on each side are Mahakala. The outer white lines forming a square enclosure represent the stylized decorative facade on the four sides of the palace roof. The elaborate lintels above each of the four doors are constructed of tiered multi-colored steps topped with a Dharma wheel, and gold spires; with a silk canopy above.
Surrounding the palace is a circle of multi-colored, rectangular shaped, lotus petals (Skt.: padmavali) representing the enormous lotus upon which the entire palace structure rests. The outer circle, divided into eight sections, containing small figures and objects is the ring of the eight great charnel grounds filled with corpses, fires, caityas, yogis, nagas, and wrathful worldly deities. All of that is surrounded by a circle of gold patterned ribbon.
Along the top are the lineage gurus of Manjushree practice. Starting slightly to the left of center with buddha Vajradhara and alternating to the left and right.
The style of the painting is Western Tibetan influence, evidenced by the use of dark red colors used for the palace background.
Set behind glass, and wooden framed.
Dimensions: 34-1/2" H x 23-3/4" W
Excellent condition, with normal anomalies in nature, sign of stressed surface. Normal, considering ages and wears.
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