Title/Content of Map: IschiaDate Printed: 1595Cartographer: Abraham OrteliusMaterial/Medium: No color, strong impression, thick paper. Latin text on verso. From the first modern atlas- the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius.Size: 18 x 22 inches
500 copies printed originally. Very few loose copies remaining. The least expensive (and inferior) copies available for sale on line start at 460 euros. Island off the coast of Italy near Naples. Title: ISCHIA, | "quæ olim" | ÆNARIA. | "Ab Æneæ claße hic appulsa | sic nominata". | 1590. [Ischia, formerly called Ænaria, so called by the fleet of Æneas which landed here. 1590]. (Cartouche lower left corner with nine lines of text:) "Ne mireris lector; si Septentrionalem | plagam non superiorem (ut moris est) | sed contra,inferiorem regionem spectare | videas: Id namque data opera fecimus, | Quo utilior, magis necessaria, atque | amœnior Insulæ pars, verusque eius | Situs in conspectu Caietæ, Cumarum, | Prochytæ, Baiarum, Puteolorum, et | Neapolis obviam iret". [Do not be astonished, reader, when you do not see the North at the top (as is the custom) but that it is to be seen at the bottom side; this we have done on purpose, so that the more useful, more necessary and attractive part of the island showing its true nature can truly be seen, as regards the location of Caieta, Cuma, Procida, Baiano, Pozzuoli and Naples.] (Centre top:) "Antrum in mari horrendum." [A terrible cave is in the sea here.] (Centre:) "Minera lapi:|dum mola:|rium celebris". (The ore for mill-stones is famous here.] (Centre:) "Locus terribilis | incendij saxorum | vulgo le cremate". [A frightening place because of its burning stones, commonly called la Cremata]. (Cartouche bottom right:) "Omnia autem hæc constant | ratione Circini semper indubi:|tata, exceptis Mediterraneis | locis, circumvicinis Insulis, & | Montium aliquot, atque cre:|matorum lapidum quantita:|tibus; Quæ tum situs, tum | ornatus, & perspectivæ | gratia ponuntur". | IVLIVS IASOLI:|NVS DESCRIB. [These matters have been established on the basis of the always indisputable views of Circinus, with the exception of the places situated more towards the interior, the surrounding islands and some mountains, and the amount of burning stones which are shown to demonstrate their location or in view of the perspective. Iulius Iasolinus has made this design]. ]. (From leading Ortelius scholar Marcel van den Broecke.)
Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) was a Flemish cartographer & geographer, celebrated as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World). Ortelius' work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, was the first uniformly sized, systematic collection of maps; this work can therefore be called the first atlas (although the term was not used until 20 years later by Mercator).
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