Title/Content of Map: Livoniae, Pomeraniae Date Printed: 1574Cartographer: Abraham OrteliusMaterial/Medium: Hand color, thick paper. Latin text on verso. From the first modern atlas- the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius.Size: 16.5 x 21 inches
100 copies printed originally. Exceptionally few loose copies remaining. Common copies of this map typically start at $500 from dealers. More background: Map of Latvia, Pomerania, and part of southern Poland above the Carpathian mountains. Title: POME:|RANIAE,/WANDALI:|CAE REGIO:|NIS, TYP. "Priuilegio". [A map of Pommern, a part of Wandalica, with privilege]. (Top right:) Pomerella "vltra citraque Vistulam olim Inferioris Pomeraniæ | principum hæreditaria fuit prouincia, etiam longè post Christianis:|mum. Post obitum autem eorum principum, partem Poloni & | Ordo Prussiæ, partem Marchiones occupauerunt". [Pomerella beyond and on the other side of the Vistula, once a province of Lower Pomerania, had heredetary rulers although converted to Christianity a long time before that. But after the decease of their rulers, they occupied part of the Polish and Prussian area, and part of the Marquisate.] - LIVONI:|AE NOVA | DESCRIP:|TIO, | "Joanne Portantio | auctore." [A new depiction of Livonia by Ioannes Portantius]. (Midleft:) "Scopuli nauigantibus | formidabiles". [Cliffs highly threatening for sailors]. (Lower left corner:) "Hic Succinum | colligitur". [Here amber is collected] (Midleft:) "Rigisch bodem; | maxima hic pro:|funditas maris est, | et periculosißimus | locus". [The Riga sea floor; here the sea is of very great depth, and it is a most dangerous place]. (Centre:) "Domes nest, petra | est sub aquis, longe | se in mare ex:|tendens". [Domes nest, where there is a cliff beneath the water which extends far into the sea.] (Top right:) "Narva Ruthenorum, quibus Juanogro | da vocatur, Mosco paret" [Narva of the Rutheni, by whom it is called Juanograd, subject to Moscovia]. (Top right:) "Hic lacus vario piscium genere a:|bundat. Porrigitur in longitudi:|nem ad CCCLX. stadia". [This lake abounds with various kinds of fish. It extends in length for 360 stadia.] - DVCATVS OSWIECZENSIS, ET | ZATORIENSIS, DESCRIPTIO [A depiction of the duchy of Auschwitz and Zator]. (Top left:) Sta.[nislav] Por.[ebski] | pinxit. [Drawn by Stanislav Porebski]. (From leading Ortelius scholar Marcel van den Broecke.)
Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) was a Flemish cartographer & geographer, celebrated as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World). Ortelius' work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, was the first uniformly sized, systematic collection of maps; this work can therefore be called the first atlas (although the term was not used until 20 years later by Mercator).
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