Title/Content of Map: Culiacanae, Hispaniolae, Cubae, Aliarumque Insularum Circumiacientium Delineatio Date Printed: 1579Cartographer: Abraham OrteliusMaterial/Medium: No color, strong impression. Latin text on verso. From the first modern atlas- the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius.Size: 17.5 x 22 inches
250 copies originally printed. Few loose copies remaining. Copies of this map consistently sell at auction starting at $600 or $700. More background: Map of Culiacan and Western Mexico, Cuba, Hispaniola, and the West Indies, along with Southern Florida . Title: CVLIACANÆ, A:|MERICÆ REGIO:|NIS, DESCRIPTIO - HISPANIOLÆ, CVBÆ, ALIARVMQVE INSVLA:|RVM CIRCVMIACIENTIVM, DELINEATIO. [A representation of Culiacan, a region of America - An Outline of Hispaniola, Cuba and of other islands lying around them] (top middle:) "Cum Imp. et Regio. | priuilegio decennali. | 1579". [With Imperial and Royal privilege for ten years. 1579.] Cartouche top left: "Sciat lector; Auctorem Anonijmum, qui | hanc Culiacanam regionem, et has insulas pelus:|trauit, er descripsit longitudines non ut | Ptolemæus, alijaque solent; à Fortunacis insulis, versus | Orientem sumsiße: sed à Toleto Hispaniæ vmbilico, | Occidentem, ex eclypsibus ab ipsomet obseruatis | depræ: hendisse". [The reader should know that an anonymous author who drew these islands and determined the longitudes of this region of Culiacana did not take the Fortunate Isles as his measure, as Ptolemæus and others have the habit to do, but took them from Toledo in the middle of Spain toward the west, based on eclipses he observed by himself]. (From leading Ortelius scholar Marcel van den Broecke.)
Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) was a Flemish cartographer & geographer, celebrated as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World). Ortelius' work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, was the first uniformly sized, systematic collection of maps; this work can therefore be called the first atlas (although the term was not used until 20 years later by Mercator).
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