Title/Content of Map: Westphaliae Totius Finitimarumque Regionum Accurata Date Printed: 1588Cartographer: Abraham OrteliusMaterial/Medium: No color, thick paper. Spanish text on verso. From the first modern atlas- the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius.Size: 16 x 21 inches
300 copies printed originally. Few loose copies remaining. A copy of this map sold for $300 in 2003 at Old World Auctions and $400 at the same auction house in 2007. More background: Ortelius’ map of Germany, extending from Cologne and Dusseldorf, etc. on the Rhine, and East and West Friesland to Mynden, Bremane and Lyppe, centered on Osnabrugghe. Title:WEST:|PHALIAE | TOTIVS, FINI|TIMARVMQVE | REGIONVM | ACCVRATA | DESCRIP:|TIO. [An accurate representation of all of Westfalen and the borders of this area]. (Top right corner:) "Cum Imp. et Regiæ. Mtm. | priuilegio decennali .1579." [With an imperial and royal privilege for ten years .1579]. (Lower left cartouche:) "Christianus Schrot Sonsb. descripsit. | Cum Priuilegio". [Made by Christianus Schrot from Sonsbeck, with privilege]. Top left cartouche with 14 lines of text: "Qui olim Saxones, | postea se Ostpha:|los et Westphalos | dixere: Visurgi | flumine distinctos: | Ostphalorum au:|tem Vocabulum in | Saxonum denuo eu:|anuit. At Westpha:|li in hodiernum | usque diem nomen | retinêt. Vetusque | tanquam spurium | respuentes". [First the inhabitants called themselves Saxons, afterwards Ostphalians and Westphalians. They were separated by the river Weser. But the name of the Ostphalians changed again into Saxons, whereas the Westphalians retained their name to the present day. Thus the old name has been discarded by the Ostphalians as being inappropriate]. (From leading Ortelius scholar Marcel van den Broecke.)
Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) was a Flemish cartographer & geographer, celebrated as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World). Ortelius' work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, was the first uniformly sized, systematic collection of maps; this work can therefore be called the first atlas (although the term was not used until 20 years later by Mercator).
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