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Lot 0074
Watercolor of nude dancer or harem courtesan, Serge de Solomko(Russian 1867-1928).(From Wiki):"Sergey Solomko or Serge de Solomko or Sergey Solomko known also as Sergei Solomko , born on August 10, 1867 ( August 22 , 1867 in the Gregorian calendar ) in St. Petersburg and died on February 2 , 1928 in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois in France , is a Russian illustrator , graphic artist and watercolourist who lived partly in France .He was born on August 10, 1867 ( August 22 , 1867 in the Gregorian calendar ) and he was baptized on September 12, 1867 ( September 24 , 1867 in the Gregorian calendar ) at St. Isaac's Cathedral 1 . He is descended from a family of the hereditary nobility of the Chernigov government 2 ; his father, Colonel Sergei Afanasyevich Solomko (1835-1897), is serving with the Grand-Ducal family of Constantine of Russia at the Strelna Palace , near St. Petersburg . It is therefore in this place that the future artist spends his early years 3 . From 1883 to 1887, he studied in Moscow at the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture , then spent a year as a free auditor at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts .In the late 1880s he began his collaboration as an illustrator with newspapers and art magazines, such as Le Nord (Sever), from 1888. In parallel, he also works for newspapers to large draw, like Niva 4 . He draws especially for the famous World of Art and others.Postcard reproducing the character of Apraxine KorolevichnaThe Suvorin publishing house commissioned him to illustrate Pushkin's works, such as The Stone Host (1895), The Worn (1895), The Tale of Tsar Saltan (1896), The Fountain of Bakhchisarai (1897), also works of Chekhov , like Kachtanka (1892), as well as The Song of the merchant Kalashnikov of Lermontov (1900) and the Dead Souls of Gogol (1901). From the Adolf Marx publishing house, he receives numerous commissions from other artists. A substantial source of income also comes to the artist from drawings for theater programs and periodicals, of which he receives frequent requests 5 ; he also produces posters. His drawings and watercolors are then published in postcards , especially those with Russian historical themes that he commands the house Lapine 6 .The 1900s marked the peak of the artist's popularity. It redoubles activity, paints watercolors with historical theme and receives from publishing houses quantity of graphic orders; and in addition he embarks on costume and jewelry designs. He designs models for the imperial porcelain factory and collaborates with Fabergé . In 1903, he made sketches of costumes for the famous costume ball of the court which is held at the Winter Palace and whose guests are dressed in the fashion of ancient Russia 7 . In 1906 he made the cover of No. 6 of the famous Munich magazine Jugend , depicting a gallant couple from ancient Russia.He settles definitively in Paris in 1910, which was at that time the world capital of the art; but he continues to participate in Russian artistic life by filling his orders and sending works to exhibitions. His watercolors are reproduced in postcards by Richard and other publishing houses and are reproduced in Russian newspapers, as for example in the illustrated weekly magazine The Sun of Russia . In the midst of World War I , he illustrated patriotic postcards, the best known of which are a postcard depicting Joan of Arc throwing a farm "go away" to a German soldier, and another representative William II dragging himself behind Christ who turns away from him. In 1916, he worked on a project of the commission for the conservation of trophies and war memorials for the foundation of a brand new museum of the Great War, which was not yet over and that Russia, under the pressure of the Bolsheviks , would leave, before entering years of civil war . The commission asked him, in the months preceding the revolution of 1917 , to make portraits of members of the Russian Expeditionary Force in France .Solomko remains in France and does not return to his country in the grip of revolutionary abuses. He continues to illustrate books, including Ferroud publishing (under the name of Serge de Solomko), such as The Three Kings , by Emile Gebhart in 1919, Prayer on the Acropolis [archive] of Ernest Renan in 1920, or On the flanks of vase of Albert Samain , with gallant illustrations, in 1922. He also embarked on a career as a draftsman of theater costumes, because he has no more orders from his country. He is known then to draw the costumes of the big Russian ballerinas emigrated in France, like Kschessinska or Pavlova 8 . In 1921 he participated in an exhibition of artists exiled in France from the former Imperial Academy of Fine Arts of Russia, which is held in Paris at the Magellan Gallery. He illustrated in 1925 Balthasar of Anatole France with Ferroud publishing 9 (under the name of Serge de Solomko); but he gets sick. Poor, sick and prematurely worn out, he died at the retirement home of the Russian exiles of Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois , near Paris. He is buried in the Russian cemetery of Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois . Already criticized in his day for his "decadent" aspect, Solomko was considered during the Soviet era as representing at worst the "bourgeois vulgarity" , at best the "gallant realism" : his work was consequently despised as "altering and spoiling the taste of the people ".Since the 1990s, his work has been rediscovered because of his humorous scenes and his search for detail in the costumes of ancient Russia."

Condition

Good condition overall,16" x 6.5" in a frame 12" x 21".

Starting Bid

$100.00

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Watercolor of nude, Serge de Solomko(Russian 1867-1928)

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