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Lot 0317
Of hammered bronze, evolved from the Corinthian helmet. The Chalcidian form first appears in art on an early fifth century b.c.e. amphora believed to have been painted at Chalcis, Euboea; this depicts two warriors; one wears the Chalcidian helmet, the other wears a Corinthian. The Chalcidian type improved visibility by expanding and arching the brows of the occularia and reducing the dimensions of the nasal and cheekplates and providing openings for the ears. This form is identified by A. Bottini et al in ANTIKE HELME, Mainz, 1988, p. 138, as Chalcidian Type V, quite distinct from its predecessors by virtue of the addition of hinges to the cheekplates. In addition, the entire lower periphery of the helmet has been wrought with a pronounced rim embossed in relief, providing glancing surfaces which protected the eyes, nose, jaw and nape. It retains the phallic-shaped skull with central ridge of its predecessors, which provided glancing surfaces to the cranium as well. The Type V saw particular use throughout Northeastern Greece or Thrace, and across Western Asia or Lydia, to the Caspian Sea and its environs. It remained in continuous use for several centuries, and was still in popular with Alexander’s armies when they marched east to conquer Asia in the 330s. The surface covered with a green oxide layer and incrustation, with areas of original tinning intact. Fourth century b.c.e. Good excavated condition; reconstructed and conserved, with significant restoration. Overall height 29.4cm. Condition V

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A GREEK BRONZE CHALCIDIAN HELMET

Estimate $4,000 - $6,000May 19, 2018
Cheyenne, WY, USA
Auction Curated By:
Oliver S Pinchot PhD
Director and Specialist