A BRONZE BUDDHA STANDING IN FRONT OF A FLAMING HALO, DATED 571
Cast and incised bronze with a rich an authentic malachite green age patina
China, Northern Qi dynasty
On the back of the halo is a long devotional inscription with a date: (from the upper right) WUPING er nian (2nd year of Wuping), i.e. 571. This date corresponds to the style of the bronze. Wuping is a period of the northern Qi-dynasty that began in 570.
Rare bronze depicting the Buddha Shakyamuni (Shijiamouni) dressed in a flowing robe with many folds and standing on a lotus base in front of a flaming halo. His raised hand gives the gesture of fearlessness, Abhaya, with the lower hand held in Varadamudra, the gesture of wish granting. On the halo are accompanying bodhisattvas standing on a lotus pedestal at the Buddha's side, each holding what appears to be a lotus blossom in one hand, possibly Padmapani. Sitting above the Buddha on a lotus throne is a figure which cannot be more closely identified, but which, given that it is in worship and has no cranial protrusion, might be an abbot. Very powerfully designed small tongues of the crown of flames, which symbolizes the â€œlight raysâ€ of Buddha's appearance and teachings.
Shape: Sculptural shape with semi-plastic halo and round,
Dimensions: Height 23 cm.
Condition: Strong, predominantly green patina. Some of the
tips of the flames are damaged, but on the whole well and
completely preserved statue. The halo and the base have
been re-attached once, likely a very long time ago.
Provenance: German private collection
Literature comparison: Sotheby's, The Arts of the Buddha, 21 SEP 2007, NEW YORK, lot 5. (for a Maitreya executed in similar style, dated Northern Wei dynasty, second half 5th Century) Sothebys, Chinese Art through the Eye of Sakamoto Goro: Early Buddhist Bronzes, 05 OCT 2016, HONG KONG, lot 3211S. (for a bronze statue of AVALOKITESVARA executed in a similar manner, but dated
This statue comes with the authenticity analysis report 15-006 from the Archeometric Institute REM in Mannheim, which comes to the conclusion â€œthat this is an old metal â€¦ with no evidence whatsoever that it was produced in modern times â€¦â€
Update: According to the laboratory report, the metal has a high 14% zinc and low 5% tin content. This suggests a dating rather to the Ming or early Qing dynasty rather than 571 AD.
文獻比較：蘇富比The Arts of the Buddha，2007年9月21
比，Chinese Art through the Eye of Sakamoto Goro: Early