“Simon Bolivar” as President of the Republic of Columbia
SIMON BOLIVAR (1783-1830). South American Revolutionary Leader, “El Liberatador”, recognized as “the George Washington of South America,” viewed as a national icon in much of modern South America, and is considered one of the great heroes of the Hispanic Independence movements of the early 19th century.
June 20, 1829-Dated, Partly-Printed Document Signed, “Simon Bolivar” as President of the Republic of Columbia, 1 page, 8.25” x 12.25”, written in Spanish, Very Fine. Being a Presidential Appointment for the office of National Notary. Countersigned by “J. Manuel Restrepo” as Minister of the Interior. This Document and lot includes full Translation. Some paper loss of about 1/2” deep x 5” long along left side margin edge, overall very boldly printed with deep black text and Seal at upper left. The signature, “Simon Bolivar” as President of the Republic of Columbia is massive in size, measuring about 4.5” long and nearly 3” tall, written in rich deep brown ink. The An impressive signature and document for display and dated in the year before his death.
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios Ponte y Blanco is generally known as Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.
Bolívar was born into a wealthy, aristocratic Creole family and, as was common for the heirs of upper-class families in his day, was sent to be educated abroad at a young age, arriving in Spain when he was 16 and later moving to France.
While in Europe, he was introduced to the ideas of the Enlightenment, which later motivated him to overthrow the reigning Spanish in colonial South America. Taking advantage of the disorder in Spain prompted by the Peninsular War, Bolívar began his campaign for independence in 1808, appealing to the wealthy Creole population through a conservative process, and established an organized national congress within three years.
Despite a number of hindrances, including the arrival of an unprecedentedly large Spanish expeditionary force, the revolutionaries eventually prevailed, culminating in the patriot victory at the Battle of Carabobo in 1821, which effectively made Venezuela an independent country.
Following this triumph over the Spanish monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of the first union of independent nations in Latin America, Gran Colombia, of which he was president from 1819 to 1830. Through further military campaigns, he ousted Spanish rulers from Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, the latter of which was named after him.
He was simultaneously president of Gran Colombia (present-day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama and Ecuador) and Peru, while his second-in-command, Antonio José de Sucre, was appointed president of Bolivia. Bolívar aimed at a strong and united Spanish America able to cope not only with the threats emanating from Spain and the European Holy Alliance but also with the emerging power of the United States. At the peak of his power, Bolívar ruled over a vast territory from the Argentine border to the Caribbean Sea.
Bolívar is viewed as a national icon in much of modern South America, and is considered one of the great heroes of the Hispanic independence movements of the early 19th century.