1795 Declaration of Independence Signer Robert Morris Signed North American Land Company Stock Certificate
ROBERT MORRIS (1734-1806). A Founding Father of the United States, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution, known as the "Financier of the Revolution," Patriot of the American Revolutionary War, United States Senator from Pennsylvania, and Land Speculator.
March 16, 1795-Dated Federal Period, Partially-Printed Document Signed, “Rob’t Morris,” as President, of the North American Land Company, measures 12” x 9.75”, period laid paper, Choice Crisp Extremely Fine. This Stock Certificate in the amount of $6 is for Four Shares, boldly Signed by Robert Morris. Robert Morris is one of the few Patriots to sign All Three Foundational American Documents including: The Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation and The United States Constitution who also became Pennsylvania's first Senator.
The North American Land Company owned thousands of square miles of land throughout many of the southern and mid-Atlantic colonies. Payment was not received quickly enough to pay off loans and make tax payments which eventually landed Morris in debtor's prison. This Certificate is also Signed by Secretary James Marshall, brother of future Chief Justice, John Marshall. Gorgeous in quality and worthy of a premium as such, having a massive 3.5” long signature “Rob’t Morris” this example is highly attractive and excellent for display.
Robert Morris, Jr. (January 20, 1734 – May 8, 1806), a Founding Father of the United States, was an English-born American merchant who financed the American Revolution, oversaw the striking of the first coins of the United States, and signed the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, and the United States Constitution. Along with Alexander Hamilton and Albert Gallatin, he is widely regarded as one of the founders of the financial system of the United States.
Born in Liverpool, Morris migrated to the United States in his teens, quickly becoming a successful businessman. In the aftermath of the French and Indian War (1754–1763), Morris became a prominent opponent of unpopular British policies like the Stamp Act in 1765.
He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, became the chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, and was chosen as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. He served as chairman of the "Secret Committee of Trade" and as a member of the Committee of Correspondence. Though reluctant to break with Britain, he ultimately came to support the independence movement and emerged as an important financier of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).
From 1781 to 1784, he served as the Superintendent of Finance of the United States, a forerunner to the position of U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. As the central civilian in the government, Morris was, next to General George Washington, "the most powerful man in America."
His successful administration led to the sobriquet, "Financier of the Revolution." At the same time he was Agent of Marine, a position he took without pay, and from which he controlled the Continental Navy. He successfully proposed numerous policies including the creation of a national bank, but many of his ideas were not enacted.
In 1783, Morris oversaw the creation of the first US coins, the Nova Constellatio patterns, which illustrated his plan for a national decimal coinage; although the plan was not adopted, his coins were examined by both Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, influencing both men in their creation of the decimal monetary system that is used by the United States today. In 1787, he was elected as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention, which created a more powerful federal government.
Morris declined Washington's offer to serve as the nation's first Treasury Secretary, instead suggesting that Washington appoint Hamilton to the position. Morris represented Pennsylvania in the Senate from 1789 to 1795, during which time he aligned with the Federalist Party and supported Hamilton's economic policies.
Morris invested a considerable portion of his fortune in land shortly before the Panic of 1796–1797, which led to his bankruptcy in 1798, and he spent several years in debtors' prison, until the United States Congress passed a bankruptcy act to release him. After he left prison in 1801, he lived a quiet, private life in a modest home in Philadelphia until his death in 1806.