1758 King George's War Military Pass Through New York
October 10, 1758-Dated King George's War (French and Indian Wars), Manuscript Document Signed, Military Pass Through New York to Fort Cosby, Fine.
A very rare original, 6.25” x 5.25” Manuscript Document Signed, being a Pass, during King George’s War (French and Indian Wars). There is light overall tone, with two prior horizontal archival tape reinforcements on the blank reverse due to minor fold splits. This remarkable early military “Pass” being about 260 years old likely started out in a soldier’s pocket for his fifteen days of travel. It reads, in full:
“Permit the bearer William Darlington, Soldier in my Company to Pass to the City of New York for the Space of Fifteen days, and then Return to his Quarters at Fort Crosby (Schenectady, New York). -- (Signed) “Jos. Chew -- (Attention Noted) “To All Officers Civill [sic] & millatary [sic]”.
The fort mentioned here as “Cosby” went through several name changes since first built. It was rebuilt in 1735 with stone foundations, heavy timbers and a new stockade with five blockhouses. The French and Indians attacked Schenectady again in 1748, during King George's War and killed some 70 residents. It was named “Fort Cosby” (1755-1775). The fort was kept up during the French & Indian War (1754-1763) and was renamed Fort Cosby in 1755, but by the start of the Revolutionary War it had seriously deteriorated.
Fort Schenectady (1661-1783) - A Colonial Fort first established by the Dutch in 1661 in present day Schenectady, Schenectady County, New York. First named Corlaer's Fort in 1661, then Queen's Fort (1704), then Fort Cosby (1755) and finally Fort Schenectady (1775) after the town. Abandoned as a fortification in 1783 at the end of the Revolutionary War. In contemporary records as well as later writing, the name is often seen spelled Corlar or Corlear.