For sale in this lot is a Oneida Newhouse Number 4 1/2 wolf trap. Newhouse traps are the creation of Sewell Newhouse, and the Oneida Community. When Sewell moved to Oneida County, New York at the age of 14, he spent most of his time in the woods, becoming well-aquainted with local Native American tribes. Under their guidance, he became a well-rounded woodsman, especially interested in pursuit and capture of wild animals. Sewell made his first trap of scrap metal found in his fathers workshop at 17 years old. In 1849, Newhouse was approached by John Humphrey Noyes, who had just launched a communal living venture on the banks of Oneida Creek, a few miles from Kenwood, New York. The commune was a religious idea, intended to save mankind. It was based on the idea that a perfect life could only be lived if people sacrificed everything to the community’s interest. Newhouse joined Noyes’ Oneida Community, and there he continued to make steel traps in the old way, by hand. With the aid of the community, Newhouse traps became the largest manufacture of animal traps in the world, with 2/3 traps showing either the Newhouse or Victor name. In 1925, Oneida sold its trap making division to Animal Trap Company of America, based out of Lilitz, PA. ATC continued manufacture of Oneida Newhouse traps until 1976. This trap shows the ATC pan markings, and reads "Oneida Newhouse - Animal Trap CO. Lititz, PA. - REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. - Made In U.S.A. - 4 1/2". The trap shows good original condition, though its missing its drag chain. The trap measures 23 3/4" wide, and has a 3 1/8" pan.