Included in this lot for your consdieration is an S. Newhouse Oneida Community single spring Number 4 1/2 Wolf Trap. The renowned Newhouse traps are the brainchild of Sewell Newhouse, and the Oneida Community. Sewell was the son of a blacksmith, and at 17, he created his first trap out of scrap metal from his fathers workshop. Over the next 20 years, Newhouse continued to craft steel forged traps on freelance. In 1849, Newhouse was approached by the Oneida Community leader - John Humphrey Noyes, who had just launched his communal living venture on the banks of Oneida Creek, just a few miles from Kenwood, New York. The commune was based on the idea that a perfect life could only be achieved if the people sacrificed everything to the communities best interest. By 1855, the demand for Newhouse traps had grown to such an extent that the Oneida Community leaders decided to begin manufacturing on a production scale, making Newhouse traps a major business dealing in the community. This particular 4 1/2 is a single spring design, cast without teeth, and reading; "S. Newhouse - Oneida Community, N.Y. - PAT. SEPT 26, 1911 - No. 4 1/2 - WOLF". The spring arm also shows remnants of stamping. The raised lettering on the pan indicates this trap originates between 1911 and 1925, before the Oneida Community sold the trap making division to Animal Trap Company. Overall, the trap shows fair condition. The trap measures 16 5/8" long, and uses a 3 1/4" pan.