Ancient Canaanite Bronze Spear Point | Late Bronze Age | Circa 2000 BC | Approx. Dimensions: 8"; x 1.5" W | Early Ancient Holy Land Bronze Spear Point | Condition: chipped at the edges otherwise in good condition. Provenance: Ex Private New York City collection acquired in Israel 1968 | Medium: Bronze | Ancient, Canaanite, Bronze, Spear Point, Artifacts, Antiquities | Date: 2000 BC. Canaan was the name of a large and prosperous ancient country (at times independent, at others a tributary to Egypt) located in present-day Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Israel and was also known as Phoenicia. The origin of the name `Canaan 128-53; for the land comes from various ancient texts (among them the Hebrew Bible). According to the Bible the land was named after a man called Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10). Other theories cite `Canaan 128-153; as the Phoenicians worked, primarily at the city of Tyre, in purple dye and so were called by the Greeks `purple people). The indigenous people of the land of Canaan worshiped many gods but, chief among them, the goddess Astarte and her consort Baal (considered vegetative/fertility deities who then took on more impressive attributes earlier ascribed to Sumerian gods such as Enlil). Women could and did serve as Priestesses, could own land, enter into contracts and initiate divorce. By the second millennium BC Byblos was the great exporter of cedar from Mount Lebannon and of papyrus (the name of the Bible comes from the Greek word Byblos for `Book, a reference to the city which supplied the surrounding nations, especially Egypt, with the papyrus to write on) and Tyre was a great industrial centre producing highly sought after purple garments made from the purple dye of Murex shells and the city of Sidon, also engaged in similar trade, was a great centre of learning. The Canaanites (Phoenicians) developed the first alphabetic writing system, mathematics, were renowned in the ancient world for their skill in ship building and navigating the seas and have also been cited as the early source or inspiration for the mythology of the Greek gods. The Canaanites sailed across the sea as far away as Spain and as far north as modern-day Cornwall, England, and their cities grew, owing to their prosperous trade, into places of splendor and wealth. According to the Book of Exodus, the patriarch Moses lead his people, the Israelites, out of the bondage of slavery in Egypt and toward the `promised land 128-153; of Canaan where God had promised them they would live in peace in 128 - 156;land flowing with milk and honey 128; The Book of Joshua, following Exodus, tells of the campaigns of the Israelite leader Joshua in the land of Canaan subduing the populace (most famously destroying the city of Jericho, which was the oldest city in the region). Scholars date the invasion of the Israelites to about 1250 BC and archaeological excavations in the region have confirmed some kind of disturbance in the region between 1250 and 1200 BC which resulted in the destruction of Canaanite towns and cities. Even so, the destruction of the cities and the absence of further development of the culture, indicate that some catastrophic event, or series of events, impacted the people of Canaan significantly. The time period in which Joshua conquered the land of Canaan corresponds with a period of general upheaval in the ancient world from the destruction of Troy by the Achaeans to the fall of the Hittite Empire, the ruin of the great city of Ugarit and the beginning of the harassment of coastal towns by the mysterious Sea Peoples. Whatever the cause, by 1100 BC Canaan was no more than a narrow territory north of the Kingdom of Israel located by the sea in present-day Lebanon.