(French, active U.K., U.S., 1789-1861)
"Portrait Silhouette of Major-General James Jay Mapes (1806-1866) and His Family", New York, New York, Aug. 18-20, 1839
paper cut-outs on card
presented in two pieces, the wife Sophia and daughters Mary, Sophy and Louisa at their recital in one frame, and Mapes playing with his son Charles in the other, each piece with sitters identified lower margin and further inscribed, dated and localized through "keyhole cuts" en verso, "Arthur S. Vernay" label on glass backing of the first silhouette.
Each glazed and framed.
sights 11-5/8" x 19-5/8" and 9-5/8" x 11-5/8", framed 14-1/2" x 22-1/2" and 10-3/4" x 12-3/4", respectively
Provenance: Collection of Mrs. F. Nevill Jackson (1861-1947), London, U.K.; Arthur S. Vernay (1877-1960), New York, New York; Estate of Dr. Carroll Ball, Jackson, Mississippi.
Literature: Mrs. F. Nevill Jackson, Ancestors in Silhouette Cut by Auguste Edouart. New York: John Lane Co., 1921, p. 214.
Notes: Professor James Jay Mapes was a distinguished chemist and inventor of agricultural farming and production, best known for inventing a series of sugar refining apparati from both cane to sugar and West India molasses to sugar. His daughter Mary Mapes Dodge (1831-1905) - third girl from the left in the larger silhouette - was a celebrated American children's author and editor of numerous publications and papers, including the St. Nicholas Magazine - one of the most successful children's journals during the second half of the nineteenth century. Sophy Mapes Tolle (1834-1899) became a portrait and floral painter, and her brother Charles Victor 1836-1916) followed in the footsteps of his father and became an agriculture scientist and engineer.