EMIL NOLDE (1867-1956) Title: Untitled, Medium: Watercolor on paper, Size: 12 x 10.25 in, Date: c. 1940. (Attrib.). Was a German Expressionist known for his paintings and prints of flowers, landscapes, and folkloric iconography. The roughhewn yet perceptual quality of his colors and mark-making bear the influence of Vincent van Gogh, as seen in his work Stormy Sea (1930). â€œThere is silver blue, sky blue, and thunder blue. Every color holds within it a soul, which makes me happy or repels me, and which acts as a stimulus,â€ the artist mused. Born Emil Hansen on August 7, 1867 in Nolde, Denmark (formerly Germany), he was raised in a family of farmers in a rural area by the sea. Expected to join the family farm Nolde instead pursued a career in furniture carving before beginning to paint. In 1906, while in Berlin he briefly joined the Die BrÃ¼cke Expressionist group, which included his friend and advocate Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. He would go on to exhibit with both the Berlin Secession and Wassily Kandinskyâ€™s Der Blaue Reiter group. During World War II, the Nazi regime, of which Nolde was an outspoken supporter, categorized him as a â€œdegenerateâ€ artist, though he continued to paint through the war unfazed. The artist died on April 15, 1956 in SeebÃ¼ll, Germany at the age of 88. His works are presently held in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Kunstmuseum Basel, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Albertina in Vienna.