Reuben Nakian (American, 1897-1986), "Europa and the Bull (Jupiter)", an original lithograph on Arches paper, signed by the artist in black pencil at lower left, numbered 5/100 in black pencil at lower right, ca. 1960s to 1980s. An outstanding, original lithograph depicting the legendary Europa and the Bull. Nakian was an American sculptor of Armenian descent who favored themes from Classical mythology. Interestingly, Nakian also created an incised depiction of this same theme in terracotta (ca. 1964) that he called a 'stone drawing' - currently in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (accession number 1984.567). The freedom and expressionism of Nakian's style suggests his alignment with the Abstract Expressionist movement, despite his loyalty to classical subjects. Nakian once stated, "Myths are good, because they give you form and a grand story. I don't want only form; I want philosophy, love." (Sculpture: Demigods from Stamford', Time, 30 June 1967, p.50.) Size: 30.125" L x 22.25" W (76.5 cm x 56.5 cm)
In the 1920s and 30s, Nakian received considerable recognition with many exhibitions in New York, including the Whitney Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Downtown Gallery and Wildenstein Gallery, as well as the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Corcoran in Washington D.C. In 1926 he met Brancusi and assisted him in installing his first one-man exhibition in the U.S. Frank O'Hara, curator of a retrospective at New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1966, wrote, "Nakian is unrepressed, un-neurotic, unabashed in his approach to sensuality, however tortuous his esthetic commitment, and whether his subject be death, bestiality, or Arcadian dalliance. This explicitness gives the 'Nymph and Satyr' plaques a marvelous joy and ease, the 'Europa' terra-cottas a voluptous dignity, and the 'Leda and the Swan' drawings an almost comic abandon. Unlike most sexually oriented images in modern art, from Auguste Rodin to Andy Warhol, one finds no guilt or masochism in a Nakian. It is outgoing and athletic even in its releases and defeats: the satyr, the bull, the swan, the goat are each circumvented or absorbed by the goddess of his choice in the most choice of circumstances, that of his own choosing, like the amorous 'dying' of the Elizabethans or the Metamorphoses of Ovid.
According to Grace Gluek who wrote Nakian's New York Times obituary, "The sculptor carried on an extraordinarily productive career until very recently, turning out work whose visionary nature was infused with a lively eroticism. His creations ranged from monumental sculptures to small tabletop pieces along with drawings, prints, pottery and book illustrations. Reviewing a Nakian show in 1977, the art critic Hilton Kramer wrote that its content was ''so quick and evocative, so obviously the expression of both a love of life and a love of art, that it holds us in its power from our first moment of contact and remains in the mind long afterward.'' https://www.nytimes.com/1986/12/05/obituaries/reuben-nakian-us-sculptor-dies.html
Gluek continued, "Working figuratively, Mr. Nakian saw himself, since the early 1950's, as a legatee of ancient Mediterranean tradition. His subject matter was heroic, largely drawn from Greek and Roman mythology, particularly the aspects that dealt with the erotic exploits of the gods. In 1951, a selection of 58 of his works represented the United States at the important Sao Paulo Bienal in Brazil, but he was something of an anachronism in the years of Pop and Minimalism, and he went his own way, unconcerned with contemporary trends. Later, in 1968, he was chosen among a rather unorthodox group of artists to represent the United States in the 34th Venice Biennale."
Born in College Point, New York, Nakian studied at Manhattan's Independent School of Art, the Robert Henri School, and the Art Students League with Paul Manship and his assistant Gaston Lachaise. Later in life, Nakian credited Cezanne and Brancusi as primary influences on his style. His friends included esteemed artists such as Arshile Gorky, Willem de Kooning, Marsden Hartley, and Marcel Duchamp. Nakian also taught at the Pratt Institute in New York as well as the Newark School of Fine and Industrial Arts. His work can be found in the collections of DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Fogg Art Museum, Honolulu Museum of Art, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art (), Nassau County Museum of Art (), Neuberger Museum of Art, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, The Delaware Art Museum, University of Arizona Museum of Art, University of Michigan Museum of Art, Guilford College Art Gallery, Saint Joseph College Art Gallery, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Sheldon Art Gallery, Walker Art Center, National Gallery of Australia, Portland Art Museum, and the Boca Raton Museum of Art.
Provenance: ex-Denenberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, California, USA
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