Oil on board. Featuring a portrait. Signed and attr. Tadeusz Makowski (Polish, 1882-1932) on the lower right corner. 32.5 x 28 cm (12.8 x 11.0 in). Tadeusz Makowski was a Polish painter who worked in France and was associated with the School of Paris. From 1902 to 1906, he studied classical philology at the Jagiellonian University. During that time, he also began studying art at the KrakÃ³w Academy of Fine Arts with Jan Stanislawski and JÃ³zef Mehoffer. Upon completing his courses there in 1908, he moved to Paris, where he would live for the rest of his life. Originally he painted in the style taught by his professors. Then, he painted some frescoes that attracted the attention of a group of Cubist painters, led by Henri Le Fauconnier, who worked in Montparnasse. This had a decisive influence on his work. At the invitation of Wladyslaw Slewinski, he spent the war years in Brittany and would return there several times. These trips inspired him to depart from strict cubism and go back to studying nature; creating many stylized landscapes. Later, his favorite subjects were carnivals, fairs and children, done in a style inspired by the old Dutch Masters, Polish folk art and naÃ¯ve art. He also did woodcut book illustrations. During the 1920s, he lived briefly in the Netherlands. From 1912 to 1931, he kept a diary that was published in Warsaw in 1961 by the State Publishing Institute (PIW). PROVENANCE: Josef Stiglitz (Tel Aviv). Private estate (Toronto, ON)
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By [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work is by the artist.
Attributed to [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work may be ascribed to the artist on the basis of style, but there may be some question as to actual authorship.
In the manner of [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work was executed by an unknown hand, but was designed deliberately to emulate the style of the artist.
After [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work was executed by an unknown hand, but is a deliberate copy of a known work by the artist.
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American, 19th century : In our opinion, this work was executed by an unknown hand, and can only be identified by origin (i.e., region, period).
Bears signature : In our opinion, the signature on the artwork may be spurious.
Apocryphal : Of doubtful authenticity.