Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941), Herding Scene, watercolor, sight: 8.5 x 12.75", frame: 19 x 32"
Born near Bear Lake, Idaho on March 25, 1867, he died in Chicago, Illinois, March 6, 1941. A sculptor, painter, and illustrator, he specialized in landscapes and scenes of horses. Borglum attended public school in Nebraska and St. Mary's College near Topeka where he became acquainted with Native American art. Apprenticed to a lithographer in Los Angeles in early 1880's, he then worked for a fresco painter and began painting in oils. Borglum studied painting with Virgil Williams and William Keith at the San Francisco Art Association in 1885 to 1888 before returning to Los Angeles to paint and begin to sculpt. He traveled east in 1890 and then to Paris to study at the AcademiÃ© Julian, the Ecole des Beaux Arts and with the sculptor Stephan Sinding. He traveled through Holland, Belgium and Spain then returned in 1902 to California. His first important exhibition was in London. He taught at the Art Students League in New York from 1906 to 1907. Borglum created the Apostles for the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City, the Sheridan Monument in Washington, DC, the head of Lincoln in Newark, New Jersey, General Lee at Stone Mountain in Georgia, and worked from 1927 to 1941 on the heads of the presidents at Mt. Rushmore, South Dakota. Borglum also had studios in Raleigh, North Carolina, and San Antonio, Texas, where in 1925, he executed a bronze monument for the Old Trail Drivers Association. It was eventually placed at the Rangers Museum, adjoining the Witte Memorial Museum. His studio that he had remodeled for a considerable sum became the Museum Art School when Borglum left in 1937 with disappointment that he had not received a commission for the Texas Centennial. However, he continued to maintain a residence in San Antonio, and working from there, he created many works including statues of General John Campbell of Arizona, the poet Sidney Lanier, President Woodrow Wilson, and the models for his Mount Rushmore National Memorial.