Title: Return of the Whole Number of Persons within the Several Districts of the United States. According to "An Act Providing for the Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States."
Place Published: Washington, DC
Publisher:Printed by William Duane
Date Published: 1802
52 pp. (8vo) 22.7x13.4 cm (9x5”), lacking boards. Second printing.
The first federal census. A decennial census was called for in the Constitution, the first instance of a nation providing by law for a periodic enumeration of its people. The first census was carried out in 1790, and its results are printed here (the first printing appeared in 1791). It attempted to count population, and to enumerate free white males over and under the age of sixteen, free white females, all other free persons, and slaves. Populations are given by county or township. The total number of all inhabitants stood at just over four million