Crayon on paper. Featuring a face and a cat. Signed and attr. Jean Cocteau (French, 1889-1963) on the lower left corner and dated 1960. 19 x 23.5 cm (7.5 x 9.3 inches). Jean Cocteau was an enormously influential French artist and writer known as one of the major figures of Dada and Surrealism. With an oeuvre that spanned painting, novels, poetry, plays, and films, Cocteau established himself as a leading creative force in Paris. A regular member of the avant-garde, he maintained long-term friendships with artists such as Pablo Picasso, Tristan Tzara, Francis Picabia, and Man Ray. â€œThe job of the poet (a job which can't be learned) consists of placing those objects of the visible world which have become invisible due to the glue of habit, in an unusual position which strikes the soul and gives them a tragic force,â€ he once mused. Born on July 5, 1889 in Maisons-Laffitte, France, the self-taught Cocteau would regularly draw his friends and acquaintances in a distinctive, fluid style informed by his interests in Cubism, psychoanalysis, and Catholicism. â€œPoets don't draw,â€ he once quipped about his artworks. â€œThey unravel their handwriting and then tie it up again, but differently.â€ Among his best-known works is the novel Les Enfants Terribles (1929) and his critically acclaimed films le Sang dâ€™un poete (Blood of a Poet) (1930), La Belle et la BÃªte (Beauty and the Beast) (1946), and Orphee (Orpheus) (1949). Cocteau died on October 11, 1963 at the age of 74 in Milly-la-Foret, France. Today, his works are included in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Courtauld Institute of Art in London, among others. PROVENANCE: Private collection (Staten Island, United States)
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By [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work is by the artist.
Attributed to [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work may be ascribed to the artist on the basis of style, but there may be some question as to actual authorship.
In the manner of [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work was executed by an unknown hand, but was designed deliberately to emulate the style of the artist.
After [Artist Name] : In our opinion, the work was executed by an unknown hand, but is a deliberate copy of a known work by the artist.
Circle of [Artist Name] : In our opinion, a work of the period of the artist showing his influence, closely associated with the artist but not necessarily his pupil.
Follower of [Artist Name]: In our opinion, a work by a pupil or a follower of the artist (not necessarily a pupil).
American, 19th century : In our opinion, this work was executed by an unknown hand, and can only be identified by origin (i.e., region, period).
Bears signature : In our opinion, the signature on the artwork may be spurious.
Apocryphal : Of doubtful authenticity.