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SIGNED Lithograph by Henri Matisse "Meditation" 1920 on wove paper. Collection Claude Duthuit.This one of a kind piece was originally housed loose (unbound) in the portfolio. The dimensions are approx. 11x 9 inches.
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Henri Matisse (1869-1954)åÊHenri Matisse is widely regarded as the greatest colorist of the twentieth century and as a rival toåÊPablo PicassoåÊin the importance of his innovations. He emerged as aåÊPost-Impressionist, and first achieved prominence as the leader of the French movementåÊFauvism. Although interested inåÊCubism, he rejected it, and instead sought to use color as the foundation for expressive, decorative, and often monumental paintings. As he once controversially wrote, he sought to create an art that would be "a soothing, calming influence on the mind, rather like a good armchair." Still life and the nude remained favorite subjects throughout his career; North Africa was also an important inspiration, and, towards the end of his life, he made an important contribution to collage with a series of works using cut-out shapes of color. He is also highly regarded as a sculptor.
Scholars in the 1950s described Matisse and Fauvism as a precursor ofåÊAbstract ExpressionismåÊand much of modern art. Several Abstract Expressionists trace their lineage to him, though for different reasons. Some, likeåÊLee Krasner, are influenced by his various media; Matisse's paper cut-outs inspired her to cut up her own paintings and reassemble them.åÊColor field painters, such asåÊMark RothkoåÊandåÊKenneth Noland, were taken with his broad fields of bright color, as in theåÊRed StudioåÊ(1911).åÊRichard Diebenkorn, on the other hand, was more interested in how Matisse created the illusion of space and the spatial tension between his subject matter and the flat canvas. Others, likeåÊRobert Motherwell, did not show Matisse's influence directly in their artwork, but were influenced by his view of painting color and form. Matisse's art continues to beguile not only artists, but also collectors, who have bought his paintings for as much as $17 million. And as several recent and upcoming blockbuster exhibitions suggest, he continues to be a favorite of the public worldwide.
Painter Henri Matisse (French, 1869Ð1954) is one of the most prominent 20th century artists, best known as a founding member of the Fauvist movement, and for his modernist innovations in painting, sculpture, and his original cut-out papiers dŽcoupŽs. Matisse was born in Le Cateau-CambrŽsis, France, and attended law school in Paris before studying art at the AcadŽmie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. While first painting in a naturalistic style, he created increasingly experimental works after studying the art of the Impressionists, becoming familiar with Pointillism and other post-Impressionist idioms that dominated artistic discourse at the turn of the century.
Attuned to African and ÒprimitiveÓ art, Matisse began painting using bold colors in broad, flat applications of paint with bold outlines, which developed into his mature Fauvist style in the mid-1900s. He exhibited his work at the Salon des IndŽpendants and the provocative 1913 Armory Show in New York, and his work was sought after early on by collectors including the famed Gertrude Stein. Between 1914 and 1918 his work became increasingly angular and abstracted, at times displaying abrupt changes from naturalism to abstraction in a single work, executed using muted colors; this change in style was believed to be reflective of his reaction to WWI. From the 1920s on, Matisse divided his time between Paris and southern France, painting works with loose, fluid forms, vibrant patterns, and bright colors, working in set design and sculpture in addition to painting. After two operations in the 1940s, Matisse began to focus on cut paper techniques in collages he called papiers dŽcoupŽs, a method used in his Jazz series, as well as in designs for several chapels. Held in high critical regard during his lifetime, a retrospective of MatisseÕs work opened in 1951 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, traveling all over the United States. In 1952, the MusŽe Matisse opened in MatisseÕs French hometown of Le Cateau-CambrŽsis, two years before the artistÕs death in 1954.