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Lot 0024

St. John Chrysostom; Gentien Hervet. D. Ioannis Chrysostomi vere aureae in psalmos homiliae, quibus nihil nec eloquentius, [...] quae nunquam Graec[a]e editae nunc primum sunt in lingua[m] Latina[m] uersae [...]. Gentiano Herueto Aurelio interprete. Indicem [...] in fine operis adiecimus. Venetiis (Venice): ad signum Spei, 1549.

4to (242x165 mm), 18th century full vellum, with title on a paper label at flat spine, ff. 135, [1]. Text in Latin in two columns. Woodcut printer's device at title page; xyl. head-letter.

First edition of Hervet's translation in Latin from Greek of the famous homilies on psalms.

John Chrysostom (c. 347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father. He is known for his eloquence in preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, and his ascetic sensibilities. After his death in 407 (or, according to some sources, during his life) he was given the Greek epithet chrysostomos, meaning "golden mouthed" in English, and Anglicized to Chrysostom.

The Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches honor him as a saint and count him among the Three Holy Hierarchs, together with Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzus. He is recognized by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church as a saint and as a Doctor of the Church. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria also recognizes John Chrysostom as a saint.

John is known in Christianity chiefly as a preacher, theologian and liturgist. Among his homilies, eight directed against Judaizing Christians remain controversial for their impact on the development of Christian antisemitism.

Of none of the other Greek Fathers do we possess so many writings, that can be divided into the "Opuscula", the "Homilies" and the "Letters". The chief "Opuscula" all date from the earlier days of his literary activity while the following writings deal with monastical subjects. The "Homilies" count with commentaries on books of Holy Scripture, groups of homilies on special subjects and a great number of single homilies.

Gentien Hervet (1499-1584) was a French teacher of Greek, Vicar B-Continental of Noyon and Orleans, canon of Reims. He also translated from ancient Greek into Latin and from Latin into French.

Provenance: An old owner's signature (partially cancelled) at title-page and a 20th century paper ex-libris on a label at paste-down.

References: CNCE, 51409. OCLC, 797517052 and 457529270; no copy in USA.


Neat repairs at title page upper margin. Overall a good copy.

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[Greek literature, Homilies] Chrysostom, 1549

Estimate €400 - €500
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