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Lot 0035

Caro, Annibal. Apologia de gli academici di banchi di Roma, contra M. Lodovico Castelvetro da Modena. In forma d'uno Spaccio di Maestro Pasquino Con alcune operette, del Predella, del Buratto, di ser Fedocco. In difesa de la seguente Canzone del Commendatore Annibal Caro. Appartenenti tutte a l'uso de la lingua toscana, & al vero modo di poetare. In Parma, in casa di Seth Viotto, del mese di Novembre, l'anno 1558.

4to (201x140 mm), contemporary limp vellum with handwritten title on paper laber, pp. 268, (16).
Large woodcut device (wheel-lock of a gun) on title and printer's device on last leaf; woodcut initials and ornaments. Printed in large Roman type.

First edition, first issue, published anonymously, of this important work in the history of 16th century Italian literature and the main source of information on one of the famous literary quarrels of the Renaissance.

In this work Annibal Caro, one of the most popular authors of his time, here defends his poem ode in honor of the King of France, "Venite all'ombra dei gran gigli d'oro" (which is also reprinted here), from the criticism of Lodovico Castelvetro (1505-1571). Caro would emerge victorious after his exposing Castelvetro as the translator of Melanchthon for which he was excommunicated and imprisoned (cf. Weinberg p. 277 and Tiraboschi VII, 1152 ff.).

This first issue is distinguished by the very curious and interesting title woodcut depicting the wheel-lock of a gun with a key for winding it. The printer's device on the last leaf is of a unicorn.

Annibal Caro (1507-1566) was an Italian writer and translator: he was a thorough classicist, an archaeologist, and a collector of Roman antiquities. He is known and honored chiefly for his very successful translation of the Aeneid . The concision of the Latin text is replaced by a fuller fluency, which serves however to give complete clarity to Virgil's thought; the wealth and purity of the language are, to Italians, a delight; and the blank verse is handled with an artistic freedom that has never been excelled.

References: Adams C-739. Index Aurelianensis, 132.465. Gamba, 276. CNCE, 9646. OCLC, 84291394, 77767977 and 44837737. G. Melzi, Dizionario di opere anonime e pseudonime di scrittori italiani o come che sia aventi relazione all'Italia, v. I, p. 5. Wilkins, History of Italian Literature, p. 249.


A very fine and unsophisticated copy.

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[Literary Quarrels, Poetry] Caro, Apologia, 1558

Estimate €700 - €800
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via Enrico Toti 1
Verona, 37129
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